Drug courts have been around for more than two decades now. The fundamental premise of these courts is to give individuals with minor criminal history yet struggling with alcohol or drug addiction a second chance. Essentially, they allow drug criminals to change their lives by entering into rehab instead of going to prison. Successful completion of the treatment program enables these individuals to avoid prison time or criminal conviction or even both.
Who Are Drug Criminals?
Drug criminals are individuals that commit drug-related crimes. These are individuals that commit crimes that involve the use of addictive substances such as illicit drugs and alcohol. When such individuals are incarcerated, they may quit abusing the addictive substances since they can’t access them in prison. However, this abstinence from drug abuse may not last. In most cases, the incarcerated individuals go back to their previous situations after completing their prison sentence.
Law enforcement and drug treatment is generally a complex issue. Essentially, when individuals commit crimes they should be punished or held accountable. However, a small percentage of offenders meet the substance abuse disorders’ criteria and are allowed to undergo treatment for it. It’s for this reason that drug courts were established. These programs take an innovative approach by providing alternatives to lighter sentences or incarceration to individuals that agree to undergo complete drug rehabilitation.
How Drug Criminals Are Treated
Drug criminals use drug court facilities (Addiction Resource provides a full guide) to undergo rehabilitation for drug addiction. Basically, drug courts target different individuals depending on their jurisdictions. They also use varying resources to treat drug criminals. Ideally, a team of prosecutors, judges, defense attorneys, and treatment specialists like professionals in drug rehabs and social workers manage these programs. Defendants’ family members are also allowed a chance to participate in events like graduation from the program and hearings.
In most cases, the courts employ programs that are aimed at curbing criminal recidivism, encouraging the defendants to work hard towards recovery from addiction, or reducing drug use. Basically, these programs are focused on helping the defendants to lead better, healthy lives without activities that lead to crimes that may cause them trouble with the drug court system.
Common programs of these courts include needs and risk assessment, ongoing monitoring, drug rehab, graduate incentives, and follow-up. Co-occurring mental health disorders treatment can also be part of these programs.
Drug Courts Eligibility Requirements
Research has proven the existence of a relationship between drug- or alcohol abuse and crime. This relationship suggests that addiction treatment can be more effective in reducing crime than incarceration. After all, incarceration is costly and the prison environment does not allow inmates to receive treatment. Drug courts allow offenders to undergo treatment for addiction at a non-adversarial environment.
But, to avoid being imprisoned or ordered to go to jail, offenders must meet the drug courts eligibility criteria. For instance, to qualify to enter drug court programs, offenders must:
Not have a criminal history
Face drug crime charges
Prove their drug addiction
Prove that they would benefit from undergoing treatment for drug addiction
It’s worth noting that only low-level felonies cases such as theft and shoplifting are considered for drug court programs. What’s more, these crimes must be tied to the drug addiction problem of the offender. Offenders with burglary, robbery, and gun cases are not considered for the programs of drug cases. Such offenders are mostly ordered to go to jail.
Currently, there are different types of drug courts. They include juvenile courts, family courts, veteran courts, DWI courts, tribal courts, co-occurring courts, re-entry courts, federal district, federal veterans, and campus courts. In total, there are more than 3,000 drug courts across the United States of America. Around half of them are targeted at juveniles and the other half at adults. Family drug courts target defendants that have child welfare cases pending. Their goal is to minimize family separation while maximizing recovery chances and enhancing parenting skills.
Effectiveness of Drug Courts and Their Implications
Drug court programs are based on the recognition of the great importance of drug rehabilitation in reducing crimes. Participants of drug courts’ programs enter the abeyance plea. This is a guilty plea on hold that allows the offender to enroll in the program of a drug court. The guilty plea is only withdrawn if the offender completes the program successfully and charges are dismissed or reduced. But, if the offender fails to complete the program, they still face imprisonment charges or sentencing.
Research has shown that the scheme of drug court is effective because participants are often less likely to commit crimes than similar offenders that are imprisoned or sentenced. What’s more, there is a less likelihood for participants to test positive for the drugs they abused than offenders in traditional correction systems.
The programs of drug courts incorporate drug rehabilitation. Therefore, they may cost more than incarcerating offenders in regular court systems. Nevertheless, reduction in re-offending rates enables drug courts to save more money per offender when compared to the cost of dealing with re-offenses in the long-term. Programs of drug courts also have a better outcome for juvenile cases than juvenile courts combined with intensive outpatient addiction treatment programs.
So, does this imply that drug courts are the answer to the drug addiction epidemic? Unfortunately, this question doesn’t have a single solution. The fact that drug courts help in the reduction of re-offenses doesn’t mean they can single-handedly solve the drug addiction problem. Their effectiveness only implies that they can be a great alternative for some drug offenders that would otherwise be imprisoned. That’s because it emphasizes the use of drug rehabilitation to ensure long-term recovery which minimizes re-offenses.
The Bottom Line
Everybody deserves a second chance and that’s what drug courts offer drug criminals. Sending people that commit crimes under the influence of drugs or alcohol to prison doesn’t help the society. Drug courts return drug criminals that are ready to reform back to the community while providing the support they need to recover from addiction. This enables them to achieve and maintain sobriety without re-offending and this helps everyone.
Tallulah Willis entered rehab shortly after tweeting a cryptic message on July 23, People magazine reported.
While the tweet has since been deleted from the 20-year-old daughter of Bruce Willis and Demi Moore’s page, several sources indicated to the publication that she’s seeking help.
“The situation had been building for a while,” a family insider said.
“She’s been dealing with some unhappiness, and everything sort of came to a head,” the insider added.
“I struggled a lot when I was younger,” Tallulah Willis previously said in a video posted on her fashion blog, adding that she was “diagnosed with body dysmorphia”.
During her battle with the mental illness, Tallulah Willis whittled down to 95 pounds.
During her battle with body dysmorphia, Tallulah Willis whittled down to 95 pounds (photo Getty Images)
“[I was] reading those stupid f—ing tabloids when I was, like, 13, feeling like I was just ugly, always,” she continued on her blog.
“I believed the strangers more than the people that loved me, because why would the people who loved me be honest?”
While her famous parents are reportedly standing by her side, sister Rumer Willis celebrated her 26th birthday with a bang.
“Best birthday cake ever,” Bruce Willis and Demi Moore’s oldest daughter wrote on Instagram on August 16 with a photo of a gun-shaped birthday cake, which her post indicated was received from her mother.
“Thank you mama for making this day so special.”
Rumer Willis also posted a funny black-and-white photo that appeared to be taken in a photo booth.
Only six years older than Tallulah and three years older than their other sister Scout, 23, Rumer Willis seems to be on the path of self-discovery and self-love despite the trials and tribulations she’s endured throughout her young life.
Portia de Rossi spent thirty days in a treatment facility in Malibu, California, In Touch magazine claimed earlier this month.
The actress entered the Passages Malibu rehab for a 30-day treatment and her wife allegedly visited her every weekend to offer support.
Now, the tabloid cited sources who claim that Portia de Rossi believes Ellen DeGeneres cheated on her before she went to rehab and the couple is now sitting down on a leather sofa somewhere, receiving couples therapy.
Portia de Rossi entered the Passages Malibu rehab for a 30-day treatment and Ellen de Rossi allegedly visited her every weekend to offer support (photo Getty Images)
“It’s going to take a lot for Portia to trust Ellen again,” a source told In Touch magazine.
“They kept up with the therapy after Portia got out of rehab, but they still have a long way to go.”
The magazine writes that Ellen DeGeneres’ alleged dalliance was “with one of their mutual friends right before Portia’s rehab stint in May”, according to a source.
This isn’t the first time that Ellen DeGeneres and Portia de Rossi have seen their names attached to headlines declaring marital turmoil. Tabloid chatter has followed them consistently since they tied the knot in 2008. Ellen DeGeneres addressed one of the reports during a sit-down chat with People magazine in February, putting to rest any lingering questions of their commitment to one another.
“The truth is, and this is corny, I fall more in love with Portia all the time. I really do. She surprises me all the time,” Ellen DeGeneres said.
“It’s what anyone experiences when you find that person that gets you, wants to take care of you, wants the best for you. We’re really lucky because we know how rare it is,” she told People magazine.
Selena Gomez’s rep confirmed reports that she spent two weeks of January in an Arizona rehab.
Selena Gomez, 21, announced in December that she was canceling her Australian tour to spend some time on herself.
The Dawn at the Meadows facility offers youth-targeted treatment for addiction and other issues, but Selena Gomez didn’t seek help for drugs or alcohol when she discreetly checked in on January 5, says her camp.
Selena Gomez spent two weeks of January in an Arizona rehab
“Selena voluntarily spent time at Meadows but not for substance abuse,” her rep said in a statement.
While Radar Online says Selena Gomez sought help for “emotional issues,” another insider alleges that she’d been “partying very hard”.
According to TMZ, Selena Gomez blames Justin Bieber for her troubles, citing the “excesses” she was exposed to (e.g. alcohol, pot and Ambien) while hanging with him and his posse.
Lindsay Lohan may have broken her plea deal by jetting out to California on Wednesday, as it was agreed she would be attending the Seafield rehabilitation facility in New York, according to TMZ.
Convicted thief Lindsay Lohan, 25, was sentenced to 90 days in a facility after pleading no contest to charges for lying to police about driving during a car crash last June.
TMZ reported that Lindsay Lohan was freaked out because Seafield Center won’t allow her to smoke and she may headed for Morningside Recovery in Newport Beach, California, which does allow smoking.
Lindsay Lohan was freaked out because Seafield Center won’t allow her to smoke and she may headed for Morningside Recovery in Newport Beach, California
It appears that prosecutors did not sign off on Morningside and no one from the actress’ camp has contacted either the L.A. City Attorney or the Santa Monica City Attorney to get the change of plans approved.
If it is decided she has broken the terms of the bargain Lindsay Lohan could be sentenced to 90 days in jail.
However, attorney Mark Heller is expected to appear before her judge in California on Thursday and Lindsay Lohan’s father is hoping her can persuade the adjudicator to approve of the switch.
Less than 24 hours until entering to rehab for a court-ordered 90 days, Lindsay Lohan posted a picture of herself packing on her Instagram account on Tuesday night.
Lindsay Lohan, 26, was seen surrounded by several bags of clothes, accessories and shoes.
Dressed in a casual pair of shorts and a loose-fitting top, Lindsay Lohan appeared to not know where to start.
The troubled actress captioned the snap: “90 days and 270 looks.”
Lindsay Lohan packing before entering to rehab for a court-ordered 90 days
Who Lindsay Lohan is trying to impress remains to be seen as while she is allowed visitors during her rehab stay, she is restricted from venturing out of the facility, which is said to be the Seafield Center in New York.
And whether she will actually be allowed the excess luggage all together is unlikely, as Seafield allows patients only seven changes of clothes during their 90 day stay.
However, Lindsay Lohan’s new tweet hints that the star might not be staying at Seafield anymore.
New reports claim that Lindsay Lohan is considering moving facilities because of Seafield’s strict non-smoking rules.
According to TMZ, Lindsay Lohan has been complaining to friends that she doesn’t think she can go the full 90 days without the smokes.
In an attempt to amend the rules, the actress has asked her lawyers to negotiate with Seafield to make an exception for the tobacco-loving actress.
But Seafield reportedly will not budge and refuses to bow down to Lindsay Lohan.
Her lawyers are now said to be consulting with Morningside Recovery in Newport Beach, California, which does allow smoking.
Lindsay Lohan is familiar with the facility after already spending time there in 2010.
However, her cunning plan may not come off as according to TMZ, City Attorneys for L.A. and Santa Monica have not approved Morningside.
Lindsay Lohan’s lawyers are expected to front the courts on Thursday, providing prosecutors with proof that the actress has enrolled in some kind of approved rehab facility.
Lindsay Lohan has strongly denied reports she tried to slip into a Hollywood nightclub hours after she agreed to three months of rehab in a last-minute plea deal with prosecutors.
Lindsay Lohan, 26, was allegedly seen ducking in the back off an SUV idling in front of trendy AV Club on Monday night.
The trouble actress has admonished the reports, insisting she stayed in after her court hearing in which the presiding judge warned her to stay away from the party circuit.
Lindsay Lohan addressed the photo in question in a series of tweets on Tuesday, insisting she is taking the message and her impending stint in rehab seriously.
“Guys relax, that was NOT me at AV or in the @Mr. Pink SUV. I’m taking this seriously and focused on the road ahead,” Lindsay Lohan wrote.
“I stayed in last night, after a pretty long day…and ordered sushi to my hotel.”
Lindsay Lohan also warned critics not to believe “EVERY little thing you hear, unless you hear it from me”.
She continued to thank her fans for their well-wishes throughout her personal dramas.
“The support I have gotten, has been great and means alot <3 L,” she wrote.
Lindsay Lohan has strongly denied reports she tried to slip into a Hollywood nightclub hours after she agreed to three months of rehab in a last-minute plea deal with prosecutors
Lindsay Lohan’s firm denial comes as a new mugshot of the star has been released. AsTMZ reports, Lindsay Lohan was ordered to turn herself in to Santa Monica police shortly after entering her no contest plea.
Meanwhile her father has wasted no time revealing his shock at allegations she was accused of partying shortly after.
Michael Lohan, 52, exclaimed to RadarOnline: “Are you kidding me?”
“Just when you think things are getting better, the same people who were in court with Lindsay, and heard the judge instruct her NOT to be around people or places that drugs might be present, are the same ones out with her attempting to go into a club last night!”
“Maybe waiting 45 days is too long? I wish she’d let me pick out the rehab NOW (and even pay for it), but then again, Heller and Dina wouldn’t approve even if it was the best. Or will they pay?”
Lindsay Lohan accepted a plea deal in a misdemeanor car crash case that includes 90 days in a rehabilitation facility.
The deal followed over two hours of talks behind closed doors in the judge’s chambers between her legal team and prosecutors.
Cissy Houston has told how she forced daughter Whitney into rehab after finding the singer’s home had been turned into a drug den.
As the first anniversary of Whitney Houston’s death approaches next month, Cissy Houston is still traumatized by her drowning in a Beverley Hilton hotel bath at the age of 48.
But in her memoirs, Remembering Whitney, Cissy Houston admits: “She started partying and she didn’t really know how to stop. I used to wonder what she was doing at night, where she was.”
According to the extract obtained by People Magazine, Cissy Houston continues to ask herself: “Could I have saved her?”
In a serialization in the Sun, Cissy Houston first realized Whitney had problems when she arrived unannounced at the mansion in Atlanta, Georgia, the singer shared with her husband, Bobby Brown, and their daughter Bobbi Kristina.
Cissy Houston, 79, had been called by her son Gary in early 2005 warning her: “Ma, I think Nippy [Whitney Houston family’s pet name] is really in trouble.” He travelled everywhere with the singer.
Inside, the multi-million house was filthy, but Cissy Houston’s biggest shock came when she saw “big glaring eyes and strange faces” spray painted on the walls and door.
Then in another room, she discovered Whitney Houston’s head had been cut out of a large framed photograph of her with her husband and daughter.
Cissy Houston recalled: “Evil eyes staring out like a threat. Who would do such a thing it seemed crazy. It was beyond disturbing to seeing my daughter’s face cut out like that. It was frightening.”
Cissy Houston has told how she forced daughter Whitney into rehab after finding the singer’s home had been turned into a drug den
In Remembering Whitney, due to be published by Harper and Collins on January 31st, Cissy Houston tells how her daughter yelled at her and refused to come downstairs.
Cissy Houston said Whitney looked as if she was on drugs and did not recognize the woman who was a worldwide star with many Grammy music awards and acclaim as an actress.
She left the house but vowed to save Whitney, returning with a court order and two women police deputies. The petition had been signed by eight people and a doctor who had seen the singer in the past 48 hours.
When they arrived, Whitney Houston and Bobby Brown were at the doorway. She was shaking as Cissy Houston told her they were taking her into rehab.
Whitney Houston was in hospital for a week, but banned her mother from visiting telling everybody who came to see her that her mother had had “her locked up”.
In 2006 Whitney Houston broke up with Bobby Brown but she never really forgave her mother’s interference in her life, according to the memoirs.
In an interview with Oprah Winfrey to be broadcast on Monday, Cissy Houston, a singer in the 60s and 70s, reveals how son Gary told her in a phone call of her daughter’s death at the Los Angeles hotel on February 11 last year.
She said: “I was getting annoyed because he wasn’t telling me anything. He was screaming. He was saying, Nippy, Nippy. I said, <<what’s wrong with her?>>.
“He said, <<Mommy>>, I said, <<Is she dead?>>. He said, <<Yeah, Mommy, she’s dead>>. And I don’t remember too much else after that.”
In the People magazine extract she said: “I’m angry she died alone, in those conditions.”
Cissy Houston says she does not blame Bobby Brown for Whitney’s drug addiction.
“I blame him for the way he treated her, but I don’t blame him for her drug problems,” Cissy Houston is quoted as saying.
This week it has emerged Bobby Brown is “doing well” in rehab, after entering a facility as part of a plea deal following DUI arrest.
Bobby Brown, 43, entered the undisclosed treatment centre last week, with his lawyer admitting he agreed to seek help as part of the agreement made following the March arrest in Los Angeles.
In a statement, attorney Christopher Brown said: “Mr. Brown takes his agreement very seriously and admitted himself three weeks after concluding his honeymoon in Mexico during a break from the New Edition tour.
“Bobby is doing well and receiving services that comply with his agreement with the State of California.”
Bobby Brown is “doing well” in rehab, after entering a facility as part of a plea deal following DUI arrest
His new wife Alicia Etheridge said she and the father-of-five’s offspring, including three-year-old Cassius from their relationship and Bobbi Kristina with late ex-wife Whitney Houston, are “proud” of him for seeking help.
Alicia Etheridge said: “Bobby’s children and loved ones are very proud of him.
“We appreciate his fans prayers and well wishes. Bobby is mentally in a good place.”
However, it seems Bobbi Kristina Brown was not aware of the words being spoken on her behalf.
Asked by TMZ if he is “rising above” his problems, Bobbi Kristina Brown said: “Rise above is not the word you should use. Not at all.”
The pair’s relationship has been unstable for some years now, and deteriorated further following Whitney Houston’s death in February.
Bobbi Kristina Brown even snubbed her father’s wedding in June, instead opting to shoot for her Lifetime reality show, which has been dubbed The Houston Family Chronicles.
Lionel Richie believes that Whitney Houston was the only person who could have saved herself from drugs.
Lionel Richie, 62, was a friend of Whitney Houston, who tragically died after allegedly ingesting alcohol and prescription drugs last month, but knows from his experiences with daughter Nicole, who had problems with heroin and cocaine abuse, that she was the only person who could have turned her life around.
He told UK TV show BBC Breakfast: ”You know … I know from Nicole’s experience. At some point you’ve got to realize the only person that’s going to save you – Nicole, or Whitney – is going to be yourself.
”This is s a tough business, a very tough business and you don’t hear this story every day, about people who are in our business, but it happens every day.
”The stories you don’t hear are the stories of the people who are not famous.”
Lionel Richie believes that Whitney Houston was the only person who could have saved herself from drugs
Lionel Richie also said he can see how stars find it hard to see sense when they are surrounded by people who tell them everything they do is right.
Asked about being surrounded by such people, Lionel Richie added: ”I’m not immune to that, we’ve had that all the time.
”I get suspicious when from the time I wake up in the morning to when I go to bed in the evening everything I did was OK.
”That’s great but you know there’s nothing you could do all day that’s perfect, so you get suspicious and go, <<Something’s wrong if I’m right all the time.>> ”
Nicole managed to overcome her problems when she checked into rehab in 2003, and Lionel Richie recently revealed how he even went to stay in the facility with her to help her through the treatment.
Lionel Richie said: ”I was about to go out on tour and I said, <<Cancel the tour, we are checking into rehab>>. We as a family and, of course, I remember that look on her face when she walked down that hall and she said, <<Are you going to be here?>>
”I said, <<I’m right down the hall. I’m not going anywhere>>, because to me, there’s nothing more important, there’s no other greater signal you can send your kid – not only do I love you, but I want to demonstrate it.”
As we previously said Kings of Leon singer Caleb Followill was dealing with more important condition than a mild dehydration.
On Monday they interrupted the summer tour through the United States because “vocal issues and exhaustion,” that Caleb Followill was suffering from. The Kings of Leon‘s representative declared to Us Weekly: “The reason for the cancellation of the tour is Caleb is under doctor’s orders for vocal rest. They feel terrible about cancelling. They look forward to getting back on the road at the end of September.”
“We are so sorry to say Kings of Leon are canceling their entire US tour due to Caleb Followill suffering from vocal issues and exhaustion. The band is devastated, but in order to give their fans the shows they deserve, they need to take this break. Unfortunately, the US dates cannot be rescheduled due to the band’s international tour schedule. […] The band will resume touring in Canada at the Rogers Center in Vancouver, BC, on September 28th. That show was originally schedule for September 14th. ” stated the announcement posted on their website.
Kings of Leon interrupted show
[googlead tip=”patrat_mare”]On the other hand, on the same day the Kings of Leon bassist, Jared Followill, published on Twitter: “Utterly depressed. It’s completely out of my hands. Family has to come 1st.” Before this he declared (on Saturday) that “there are internal sicknesses & problems that have needed to be address”.
An insider of the group said
“They are trying to get Caleb to go to rehab. It is mostly for alcohol. …they ended up canceling the whole tour… he drinks like a fish.”
Another source said Kings of Leon never debated Caleb’s drinking as a problem because they all use to consume a little alcohol during their travels.
Caleb, who recently married Lily Aldridge (Victoria’s Secret model) , has been dealing with this problem for some time.
“It’s true. Caleb’s drinking is out of control and they are trying to get him into rehab. It’s a dark demon he has been fighting for awhile.” said other source.
Sources say Caleb becomes nervous about singing in front of the crowds and drinks alcohol to relax.
“There’s a running joke in the band that Caleb can’t go on stage without having a cocktail first.” said an insider.
Let’s hope Caleb will be strong enough and he will get adequate help to solve this problem and he will continue to sing with Kings of Leon. A lot of music talents were lost because of drug and alcohol addiction.