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Queen Elizabeth II has not attended a New Year’s Day church service at Sandringham because of a “lingering heavy cold”.

The Queen also missed the Christmas Day service at her Norfolk estate and has not been seen in public for 12 days.

Meanwhile, a Buckingham Palace spokeswoman said the Queen was “still recuperating”.

Image source Wikimedia

Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip left for their Christmas break a day late on December 22, travelling by helicopter instead of train, because of colds. The Duke of Edinburgh has made a full recovery.

When she arrived at the church, Princess Anne was asked how her mother was, to which she replied “better”.

Princess Anne attended the New Year’s Day service alongside her father, Prince Philip, and her brother, Prince Edward, as well as other members of the Royal Family.

Queen Elizabeth’s absence from church on Christmas Day was the first time she had missed the service in many years.

According to the Buckingham Palace, that was a “precautionary measure” in the cold and wet conditions and it had “no sense of undue concern”.

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Queen Elizabeth II joked that she is made to feel old by the new Canadian Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, aged 43, after he spoke of her historic visits to Canada.

Justin Trudeau had earlier toasted the 89-year-old Queen at a banquet for the leaders of Commonwealth countries, taking place in Malta.

Photo AP

Photo AP

He referred to the Queen’s trips to Canada, including one in 1982 when she was welcomed by his father – the former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

The Queen, flashing a sense of humor, gave a witty and cheeky reply to Justin Trudeau’s toast, saying: “Thank you, Mr. Prime Minister of Canada, for making me feel so old!”

Justin Trudeau took to Twitter to explain his view, saying “on the contrary, you are forever young”.

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Queen Elizabeth II will become UK’s longest-reigning monarch on September 9 when she passes the record set by her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria.

Queen Elizabeth II, 89, will have reigned for 63 years and seven months – calculated at 23,226 days, 16 hours and approximately 30 minutes at about 17:30 BST.

UK’s PM David Cameron will lead tributes in the House of Commons and there will be a River Thames salute.

The Queen will spend the day on official duties in Scotland.Queen Elizabeth II and Queen Victoria record

The exact moment Queen Elizabeth reaches the milestone is not known because her father, George VI, passed away in the early hours of February 6, 1952.

On the Thames, a flotilla of historic vessels, leisure cruisers and passenger boats will take part in a procession between Tower Bridge and the Houses of Parliament.

The bridge will lift as a sign of respect and HMS Belfast will sound a four-gun salute.

The BT Tower in central London will scroll the message “Long may she reign”.

PM David Cameron paid tribute to the Queen at a cabinet meeting on September 8, saying she had a “remarkable record” and was “a symbol of Britain’s enduring spirit admired around the world”.

Buckingham Palace has released an official photograph to mark the occasion, taken by Mary McCartney in the Queen’s private audience room.

This is where the Queen holds weekly audiences with prime ministers of the day, and receives visiting heads of state and government.

It is understood that September 9 will be a normal working day for Queen Elizabeth with no special celebration.

The Queen will be joined by the Duke of Edinburgh to open the Scottish Borders Railway and make a steam train journey with Scotland’s First Minister Nicola Sturgeon.

She is taking her traditional summer break at this time of year at her private Scottish home, Balmoral.

Queen Victoria became queen at the age of 18 and ruled for 63 years, seven months and two days.

Queen Elizabeth’s reign has included 12 prime ministers, two more than served under Victoria.

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A 1933 footage showing Queen Elizabeth II performing a Nazi salute has been published by The Sun.

Buckingham Palace said it was “disappointing that film, shot eight decades ago… has been obtained and exploited”.

The Sun has released the footage which shows the Queen aged about 7, with her mother, sister and uncle.

The newspaper has refused to say how it got the footage but said it was an “important and interesting story”.

The black and white footage, which lasts about 17 seconds, shows the Queen playing with a dog on the lawn in the gardens of Balmoral, the Sun says.

The Queen Mother then raises her arm in the style of a Nazi salute and, after glancing towards her mother, the Queen mimics the gesture. Prince Edward, the future Edward VIII, is also seen raising his arm.Queen Elizabeth Nazi salute

The footage is thought to have been shot in 1933 or 1934, when Hitler was rising to prominence as Fuhrer in Germany but the circumstances in which it was shot are unclear.

A Buckingham Palace source said: “Most people will see these pictures in their proper context and time. This is a family playing and momentarily referencing a gesture many would have seen from contemporary news reels.

“No one at that time had any sense how it would evolve. To imply anything else is misleading and dishonest.”

The source added: “The Queen and her family’s service and dedication to the welfare of this nation during the war, and the 63 years the Queen has spent building relations between nations and peoples speaks for itself.”

Buckingham Palace was not denying the footage was authentic but that there were “questions over how this video has been released”.

Dickie Arbiter, a former Buckingham Palace press secretary said the Palace would be investigating.

“They’ll be wondering whether it was in fact something that was held in the Royal Archives at Windsor, or whether it was being held by the Duke of Windsor’s estate,” he said.

“And if it was the Duke of Windsor’s estate, then somebody has clearly taken it from the estate and here it is, 82 years later.

“But a lot of questions have got to be asked and a lot of questions got to be answered.”

Sun managing editor Stig Abell said he did not accept Buckingham Palace’s accusation that the footage has been “exploited”.

He said the newspaper had decided to publish the story because it was of great public importance and the involvement of Prince Edward gave it “historical significance”.

The then Prince of Wales faced numerous accusations of being a Nazi sympathiser and was photographed meeting Hitler in Munich in October 1937.

Stig Abell said: “We are not using it to suggest any impropriety on behalf of them. But it is an important and interesting issue, the extent to which the British aristocracy – notably Edward VIII, in this case – in the 1930s, were sympathetic towards fascism.

“That must be a matter of national and public interest to discuss. And I think this video and this footage animates that very clearly.”

Queen Elizabeth was 13 when World War Two broke out and she later served in the Women’s Auxiliary Territorial Service.

In June 2015, the Queen made a state visit to Germany where she visited the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp and met some of the survivors and liberators.

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The UK is marking Remembrance Sunday with Queen Elizabeth II to lead commemorations later to honor members of the armed forces killed in conflict.

She will be joined by political leaders and veterans for a ceremony at the Cenotaph in London – the focal point of the UK’s Remembrance Sunday services.

Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast will be among the places paying their respects.

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the start of World War One, 70 years since the D-Day landings and the end of Britain’s conflict in Afghanistan.

UK’s PM David Cameron said the anniversaries made 2014’s commemorations “particularly poignant”.

Scotland Yard said there would be “appropriate and proportionate” policing at the Cenotaph after four men were arrested on November 6 in west London and High Wycombe in connection with an alleged Islamist terror plot on British soil.

David Cameron said: “Today we stand united to remember the courageous men and women who have served our country, defended our freedoms and kept us safe.

“We remember all those who have fallen and those who have risked their lives to protect us.

“We owe each and every member of our armed forces and the families who support them a tremendous debt – one that can never be repaid – and I pay huge tribute to their bravery and resolve.”

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the start of World War One, 70 years since the D-Day landings and the end of Britain's conflict in Afghanistan

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the start of World War One, 70 years since the D-Day landings and the end of Britain’s conflict in Afghanistan

Queen Elizabeth will be joined by the Duke of Edinburgh for the wreath-laying ceremony at the Cenotaph in Whitehall, along with the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall and Earl and Countess of Wessex.

After dusk falls, images of falling poppies are to be projected on to Big Ben, officially known as Parliament’s Elizabeth Tower.

On November 8, the Queen and other members of the Royal Family joined veterans and the public at the Royal British Legion’s annual Festival of Remembrance at the Royal Albert Hall in London.

Elsewhere on November 9, a service will also be held at the National Memorial Arboretum in Staffordshire.

In Glasgow a two-minute silence will be observed at the cenotaph in George Square, while in Edinburgh a parade will take place from the castle esplanade to the city’s stone of remembrance.

Scotland’s First Minister Alex Salmond will be among those laying wreaths and a ceremonial gun will be fired.

Meanwhile, the National Secular Society has written to the government asking it to review the role of the Church of England at the national ceremony of remembrance, which it argues should be equally inclusive of all citizens, regardless of religion and belief.

The society believes the commemoration should be redesigned to make it an inclusive national event, not led by a single Christian denomination.

Earlier this week, David Cameron announced that a key part of the World War One poppy display at the Tower of London is to remain in place until the end of November.

The installation of ceramic poppies, entitled Blood Swept Lands And Seas Of Red, is to be dismantled on November 12.

The Wave segment will now stay in place until the end of the month before being sent on a tour across the UK until 2018, when it will be joined by the installation’s Weeping Window segment.

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Queen Elizabeth II sent her first tweet through the @BritishMonarchy account heralding the launch of a major new exhibition at London’s Science Museum.

“It is a pleasure to open the Information Age exhibition today at the @ScienceMuseum and I hope people will enjoy visiting. Elizabeth R.”

Queen Elizabeth II sent her first tweet heralding the launch of a major new exhibition at London's Science Museum

Queen Elizabeth II sent her first tweet heralding the launch of a major new exhibition at London’s Science Museum

Three years in the planning, the exhibition is one of the most ambitious projects the museum has undertaken.

Alongside historic objects, visitors can enjoy interactive experiences.

The Information Age gallery, opened by Queen Elizabeth on October 24, takes visitors on a journey through the history of modern communications from the telegraph to the smartphone.

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Angelina Jolie has been made an honorary dame by Queen Elizabeth II for services to UK foreign policy and charity campaigns.

Angelina Jolie, 39, was presented with the insignia of an Honorary Dame Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George on October 10.

The investiture took place during a private audience at Buckingham Palace.

Angelina Jolie was recognized in the Queen’s Birthday Honors earlier this year.

Angelina Jolie was presented with the insignia of an Honorary Dame Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George during a private audience at Buckingham Palace

Angelina Jolie was presented with the insignia of an Honorary Dame Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George during a private audience at Buckingham Palace

The actress is a special envoy for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and co-founded the Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative (PSVI) in 2012.

The award was first announced in June during the week when Angelina Jolie was co-chairing the End Sexual Violence in Conflict (ESVC) global summit in London with then foreign secretary William Hague.

Angelina Jolie said at the time that it meant “a great deal… to receive an honor related to foreign policy”.

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Queen Elizabeth II was expected to urge British people to pray and remain united and resolute in the event of the “madness” of nuclear war, papers from 1983 show.

The script for a hypothetical broadcast has the Queen describing the threat to the “brave country” as “greater” than any other in history.

It also mentions the Queen’s son Prince Andrew, then in the Royal Navy.

The speech, devised by Whitehall officials at one of the most fraught Cold War periods, was never recorded.

The document, released by the government under the 30-year rule, was drawn up as part of a war-gaming exercise in the spring of 1983, which worked through potential scenarios.

Among the other pieces of history released from the archives on Thursday were:

  • Margaret Thatcher blocked a 21-year-old William Hague from a potential job as a Treasury adviser, saying his appointment would be a “gimmick” and could prove “an embarrassment”
  • The then British PM secretly wanted the Army to move coal around the UK in the event of a miners’ strike
  • Government officials considered deliberately flooding Essex and Kent to prevent London being swamped by a tidal surge as it waited for the Thames Barrier to be completed
  • The UK sent a laser weapon designed to “dazzle” Argentine pilots during the Falklands war
  • A senior government official had urged Margaret Thatcher to seek out a fertile female panda for London Zoo before a visit to China in 1982.

Although it was only a simulation, the text of the Queen’s address – written as if broadcast at midday on Friday 4 March 1983 – seeks to prepare the country for the ordeal of World War III.

In a Whitehall-written script, the Queen speaks of the "madness" of war

In a Whitehall-written script, the Queen speaks of the “madness” of war

The script, which starts off by referring to the Queen’s traditional Christmas address, reads: “The horrors of war could not have seemed more remote as my family and I shared our Christmas joy with the growing family of the Commonwealth.

“Now, this madness of war is once more spreading through the world and our brave country must again prepare itself to survive against great odds.

“I have never forgotten the sorrow and the pride I felt as my sister and I huddled around the nursery wireless set listening to my father’s [George VI’s] inspiring words on that fateful day in 1939 [at the start of the World War II].

“Not for a single moment did I imagine that this solemn and awful duty would one day fall to me.

“But whatever terrors lie in wait for us all, the qualities that have helped to keep our freedom intact twice already during this sad century will once more be our strength.”

Striking a personal note, the script continues: “My husband and I share with families up and down the land the fear we feel for sons and daughters, husbands and brothers who have left our side to serve their country.

“My beloved son Andrew is at this moment in action with his unit and we pray continually for his safety and for the safety of all servicemen and women at home and overseas.

“It is this close bond of family life that must be our greatest defence against the unknown.

“If families remain united and resolute, giving shelter to those living alone and unprotected, our country’s will to survive cannot be broken.”

The speech concludes by saying the Queen’s message to the nation was “simple”.

It adds: “As we strive together to fight off the new evil, let us pray for our country and men of goodwill wherever they may be. God Bless you all.”

In the war-gaming exercise, Orange bloc forces – representing the Soviet Union and its Warsaw Pact allies – launch a chemical weapon attack on the UK.

Blue forces – representing NATO – retaliate with a “limited-yield” nuclear strike, forcing Orange to initiate a peace process.

The exercise came in the year that US President Ronald Reagan both enraged and alarmed Moscow with his denunciation of the Soviet Union as the “evil empire”, his plans for a “Star Wars” ballistic missile shield in space, and the deployment of US nuclear cruise missiles to Europe – including to RAF Greenham Common.

Tensions increased when the Soviets shot down a South Korean airliner that strayed into their airspace, killing all 269 on board.

A NATO military exercise, codenamed Able Archer, then nearly triggered an actual conflict with the Soviet leadership apparently convinced it was cover for a genuine attack.

The Soviet Union and the US later negotiated a reduction in the number of nuclear weapons, as the Cold War came to an end.

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Queen Elizabeth II has paid a visit to her new great-grandson, the son of Prince William and Kate Middleton.

The half-hour visit to Kensington Palace came after Prince William, Kate Middleton and the royal baby spent their first night at home.

They left St Mary’s Hospital in west London on Tuesday evening, where Prince William told reporters they were yet to name the third in line to the throne.

The Queen visited without her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, as he continues to recover from abdominal surgery.

She made the short journey from Buckingham Palace in a dark green Bentley.

The private meeting comes as the monarch prepares to leave for Balmoral in Scotland on Friday, where she has her traditional summer break.

The Queen had said she was “thrilled” at the arrival of her third great-grandchild during a reception at Buckingham Palace on Tuesday evening.

Louise Butt, a guest at the event for the Queen’s Award for Enterprise, said the monarch had also described the baby as a “big boy” and had said that “the first born is very special”.

There has been no word yet from the duke, who is expected to take about two months to convalesce following exploratory abdominal surgery last month.

The Queen was not the first to meet the royal baby prince.

Queen Elizabeth II has paid a visit to her new great-grandson, the son of Prince William and Kate Middleton

Queen Elizabeth II has paid a visit to her new great-grandson, the son of Prince William and Kate Middleton

Prince Charles and Camilla, and Kate’s parents, Carole and Michael Middleton, paid visits to the hospital on Tuesday afternoon.

Later that day, Kate’s sister Pippa Middleton, accompanied by boyfriend Nico Jackson, went to Kensington Palace to meet her day-old nephew.

Prince Charles said the baby was “marvelous” while Carole Middleton said he was “absolutely beautiful”.

Prince William was at the hospital for the birth at 16:24 BST on Monday, and stayed with his wife and son, who weighed 8lb 6oz (3.8kg), overnight.

They left at 19:15 BST on Tuesday – just under 27 hours after the baby’s arrival.

Kate Middleton and Prince William described becoming parents as “very emotional”.

A Kensington Palace spokesman said on Wednesday it was “now private and quiet time for them to get to know their son”.

Although the couple have yet to decide on a name it is known that the newest royal will be known as HRH Prince (name) of Cambridge.

George is the bookmakers’ favorite for the first name of the prince, who is destined to be king one day. James and Alexander are among other names on a short price.

Royal fans waited seven days before the name of a newborn Prince William was announced in 1982, and there was a wait of a month following the Prince Charles’s birth in 1948.

All births in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, regardless of parentage, must be registered within 42 days at the hospital or a local register office.

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 Queen Elizabeth II said she hopes Kate Middleton’s baby is born soon, because she is due to go on holiday.

The comment was made to a 10-year-old schoolgirl while on a series of engagements in Cumbria.

Wiggonby Church of England Primary School pupil Fay Batey asked if the Queen wanted the royal baby to be a boy or a girl.

The Queen replied: “I don’t think I mind. I would very much like it to arrive. I’m going on holiday.”

 Queen Elizabeth II said she hopes Kate Middleton's baby is born soon, because she is due to go on holiday

Queen Elizabeth II said she hopes Kate Middleton’s baby is born soon, because she is due to go on holiday

According to Buckingham Palace, the Queen will soon be heading off to her private Balmoral estate in Scotland, where she traditionally spends her summer holiday.

Hundreds of people had crowded into a market square in Kendal to see the Queen and the Princess Royal.

The royal party went on a brief walkabout during the 20 minute tour and received two posies from local schoolchildren.

The royal visitors were greeted by loud cheers and Union flags as they arrived from nearby Oxenholme railway station.

The Queen was later presented with a hamper showcasing local produce from the Made in Cumbria chamber of commerce collective.

Retail manager Tracey Graham said: “She was thrilled with the damson gin and said she would be keeping that for herself.”

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Kate Middleton made her last public appearance before the birth of her first child when she joined thousands of well-wishers to celebrate Queen Elizabeth’s official birthday at the Trooping the Color parade today.

Wearing a pale pink Alexander McQueen coat and matching hat, the Duchess of Cambridge, who is eight months pregnant, travelled to the pageant in a carriage with the Duchess of Cornwall and Prince Harry.

Kate Middelton smiled and waved at the crowds lining the route as the carriage drove to the televised military spectacle which is held every year at Horse Guards Parade in London’s Whitehall.

But it would appear the chilly weather was a bit too cold for the royal family, and they covered their laps with blue blankets.

Queen Elizabeth II celebrated her birthday with traditional pomp and circumstance – but without her husband by her side.

Prince Philip remains in the hospital, recovering from exploratory abdominal surgery.

Instead the Queen invited her cousin, the Duke of Kent, to join her in her glass coach for the short journey from Buckingham Palace along The Mall.

It is thought to be only the third time that Prince Philip has missed the event after not attending in 1962 and 1968 when he was away on royal tours.

She first took the royal salute in 1951 – when she deputized for her sick father, King George VI – and has continued receiving the mark of respect every year except 1955 when there was a national rail strike.

Kate Middleton made her last public appearance before the birth of her first child when she joined thousands of well-wishers to celebrate Queen Elizabeth's official birthday at the Trooping the Color parade

Kate Middleton made her last public appearance before the birth of her first child when she joined thousands of well-wishers to celebrate Queen Elizabeth’s official birthday at the Trooping the Color parade

The Queen, dressed in a royal blue Angela Kelly coat and hat with a matching lace dress, looked on under cloudy skies which parted now and then to reveal the sun.

Other royals watching included the Duke of York and his daughters Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie, and the Earl and Countess of Wessex with their daughter Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor.

The Queen took the royal salute as members of the royal family looked on.

Taking part in the ceremony on horseback are the Prince Charles – who is Colonel of the Welsh Guards, the Princess Royal – who is Colonel of the Blues and Royals, and Prince William – who is Colonel of the Irish Guards.

More than 1,000 soldiers, horses and musicians are taking part in the parade known as “Trooping the Color”, an annual ceremony marking the queen’s official birthday.

The ceremony is also an important social occasion for the Guardsmen taking part and gives their wives, girlfriends, and relatives the chance to celebrate the achievements of the young men and enjoy the spectacle.

Many of the spectators in the stands overlooking the parade ground were dressed in morning suits or smart suits, while women wore dresses topped with hats and fascinators.

After the parade ended, the Queen was cheered by crowds gathered along the Mall as she was driven back to Buckingham Palace, where she watched an aerial display by the RAF.

Following the parade, the King’s Troop Royal Horse Artillery fired a 41-gun salute in Green Park to mark the Queen’s official birthday.

The royals then gathered on the balcony at Buckingham Palace to watch the traditional RAF flypast.

Thousands of spectators crowded around the front of the palace and on The Mall, many cheering as a succession of planes roared overhead.

Among the featured 32 aircraft were 13 different types – from the famous Spitfire, Hurricane and Lancaster aircraft of the RAF Memorial Flight – to modern multi-role Typhoon fighters.

The Red Arrows completed the flypast – leaving a trail of red, white and blue smoke which swept across the sky behind them.

After the splendid ceremony, the Queen paid a visit to her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, who is recovering from exploratory abdominal surgery at a London hospital.

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Queen Elizabeth II has joined 2,000 guests for a service at Westminster Abbey to mark 60 years since her Coronation.

Some of those who took part in the 1953 service were among the congregation.

Archbishop of Canterbury the Most Rev Justin Welby said the event honored “60 years of commitment”.

The Queen was accompanied by more than 20 members of her family, including Prince Philip who pulled out of an engagement on Monday night because he was feeling unwell.

Several key items from the Coronation were placed in Westminster Abbey for the service.

They included the heavy, solid gold St Edward’s Crown, displayed on the High Altar – the first time it has left the Tower of London since 1953.

Beside it was the Ampulla, the gold, eagle-shaped bottle from which the holy oil was poured for the Queen’s anointing.

The Coronation Chair, one of the oldest pieces of English furniture still in use, was also on show.

The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh entered Westminster Abbey to the same music that greeted her in 1953.

Back in 1953, at the age of 27, she was the 38th sovereign to be crowned in an abbey that has been the scene of such ceremonies since the coronation of William the Conqueror in 1066.

The Archbishop of Canterbury told those gathered in the abbey that the Coronation had been “an ordination, a setting aside of a person for service”.

Dr. Justin Welby said that during the ceremony the Queen knelt at the abbey’s altar and prayed.

“We do not know what was prayed. Her Majesty knelt at the beginning of a path of demanding devotion and utter self-sacrifice, a path she did not choose, yet to which she was called by God.

“Today we celebrate 60 years since that moment, 60 years of commitment.”

Queen Elizabeth II has joined 2,000 guests for a service at Westminster Abbey to mark 60 years since her Coronation

Queen Elizabeth II has joined 2,000 guests for a service at Westminster Abbey to mark 60 years since her Coronation

At the time the Coronation was a major television spectacle, with an estimated 27 million Britons tuning in.

The weather was dull and wet, but warm sunshine greeted those gathering in London for the anniversary on Tuesday.

The Archbishop said the Coronation had been “the first time the whole nation had watched anything as it happened”.

He called it “pomp and ceremony on a rainy June day, all so very British, wrapped in time and custom”.

Her Majesty wore an Angela Kelly dress, hat and coat – made from oyster-colored silk-satin brocade – for the anniversary service.

The Queen was joined at the abbey by the Prince of Wales – who was just four in 1953 – and the Duchess of Cornwall, as well as the Duke of Cambridge and the pregnant Kate Middleton.

It is the first time Kate Middleton and Prince William, whose first baby is due next month, have attended a public event at the abbey since they married there two years ago.

Other royals present include Prince Harry, the Duke of York, Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie, the Earl and Countess of Wessex, Lady Louise Windsor, the Princess Royal and Zara Phillips with her husband Mike Tindall.

The congregation sang the National Anthem before UK Prime Minister David Cameron gave a reading from the Book of Kings.

Secretary general of the Commonwealth Kamalesh Sharma also gave a reading.

Actress Claire Skinner read a poem called The Throne, written for the anniversary by Poet Laureate Carol Ann Duffy.

The Dean of Westminster, the Very Reverend John Hall, said the service marked “60 years of duty done with a glad heart”.

Lady Glenconner was one of the Queen’s six maids of honor in 1953.

She said: “I remember standing by the door… I remember a roar coming round, we could hear everybody shouting. Then suddenly around the corner came this amazing golden coach, it was like a fairy tale.

“She was so beautiful. When she got out of the coach, the tiny waist she had, the wonderful complexion, she just looked the most beautiful thing I’d ever seen.”

The Queen, whose reign began in 1952, practiced wearing the crown around Buckingham Palace in the weeks before her Coronation, including at her children’s bath time.

The Coronation was a strictly Anglican Christian event, but 60 years later Sikhism, Islam, Buddhism, Judaism and other faiths were represented.

Last year’s Diamond Jubilee marked the 60th anniversary of the Queen’s accession to the throne.

Prince Philip had been due to accompany the Queen to a gala reception for the Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB) at St James’s Palace in London on Monday but was unwell.

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Margaret Thatcher’s death news has been broadcasted all over the world but a Taiwanese news station aired footage of Queen Elizabeth II while reporting the death of the former British Prime Minister.

CTi Cable flashed a headline declaring “Margaret Thatcher Dies of Stroke” while running two clips of the Queen shaking hands with members of the public.

The newscaster said: “We’ve learned the breaking news that ex Prime Minister, the Iron Lady, Thatcher, died at home in London due to stroke today, the 8th, this morning, at the age of 88.

CTi Cable flashed a headline declaring “Margaret Thatcher Dies of Stroke” while running two clips of the Queen shaking hands with members of the public

CTi Cable flashed a headline declaring “Margaret Thatcher Dies of Stroke” while running two clips of the Queen shaking hands with members of the public

“A spokesperson for Thatcher has publicly confirmed this news. What we know is that Thatcher has been suffering ill health in recent years.

“Since more than 10 years ago, she’s suffered numerous minor strokes. Just last December, she had surgery in London to remove a bladder tumor.”

It is not known why Cti Cable gave her age as 88, but it could either be an error or down to the Chinese custom of counting one’s age as starting with one when you are born.

The station apologized last night after viewers criticized the station for failing to distinguish between Margaret Thatcher and the Queen.

Meanwhile in Thailand, news producers for the country’s army-owned Channel 5 made a similar error, using a photograph of actress Meryl Streep when they reported news of Margaret Thatcher’s death this morning.

For nearly two minutes, the channel displayed Lady Thatcher’s biography alongside a picture of Meryl Streep in character for the film The Iron Lady, which tells the story of Margaret Thatcher’s life.

The production team wrote on Facebook later: “We will improve and develop our work more carefully and are deeply sorry.”

Margaret Thatcher died Monday at the Ritz Hotel in London aged 87 after suffering a massive stroke.

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Queen Elizabeth II is often said to have had a less than easy relationship with former premier Margaret Thatcher, her eighth – and longest-serving – prime minister.

Born six months apart, Margaret Thatcher and the Queen were two women very much making their mark in a man’s world.

Always mindful of her constitutional role and cordial to the last, the British monarch is nevertheless said to have personally disagreed with some of Margaret Thatcher’s more divisive policies and privately expressed her alarm over issues such as unemployment and the miners’ strike.

A Buckingham Palace spokesman issued a statement on Monday saying the Queen was “sad to hear the news of the death of Baroness Thatcher” and would be sending a private message of sympathy to her family.

Born six months apart, Margaret Thatcher and the Queen were two women very much making their mark in a man's world

Born six months apart, Margaret Thatcher and the Queen were two women very much making their mark in a man’s world

However, there was no confirmation that the Queen would attend the funeral (as she did for Sir Winston Churchill, although that was a state occasion), despite having no public engagements in her diary for either Wednesday or Thursday next week.

Instead, a spokesman said the Queen was “waiting for details about the funeral arrangements from the Government”. While Her Majesty may have found her first female prime minister somewhat frosty, Lady Thatcher’s respect and admiration for the monarch knew no bounds, not least because she had been raised in an intensely patriotic family.

Margaret Thatcher once told author Gyles Brandreth that the talk of a strained relationship with the Queen was “a lot of nonsense” and spoke with admiration about her commitment to the Commonwealth and armed services.

“No one could curtsey lower than Margaret Thatcher,” said another former aide.

Inevitably, after 11 years of almost weekly meetings, the Queen and Margaret Thatcher reached something akin to friendship.

Margaret Thatcher was even said to have jokingly sent the monarch a pair of rubber gloves as a Christmas present after witnessing her doing the washing up following a barbecue at Balmoral without a pair. Other sources say it wasn’t that the two women did not like each other, they were simply very different people.

The Queen is dry and rather witty in private, while Margaret Thatcher always had a tendency to hector, regardless of her audience.

In 1986, their relationship was put under the spotlight when The Sunday Times reported sources close to the Queen saying she was “dismayed” by “uncaring” Margaret Thatcher’s refusal to impose sanctions on apartheid South Africa, a decision the monarch feared would split the Commonwealth.

The story caused uproar. The Queen is required constitutionally to keep her opinions private. The quotes were subsequently attributed to the Palace’s press secretary, Michael Shea. The monarch is said to have rung Margaret Thatcher to reassure her that her views were nothing of the sort.

If the relationship was never entirely easy, the two certainly never wavered in their mutual respect. The Queen, in particular, is said to have admired Margaret Thatcher’s grit, determination and enormous achievements.

After Margaret Thatcher’s enforced resignation in 1990, the Queen awarded the baroness the Order of Garter and the Order of Merit – neither of which has been offered to Tony Blair.

The Queen was also a guest of honor at Margaret Thatcher’s 80th birthday celebrations.

Fellow guests were touched at the sight of the Queen taking the hand of Margaret Thatcher as she gently raised her from a deep curtsey, before guiding the already frail baroness through the throng of assembled guests.

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Queen Elizabeth II has received an honorary BAFTA award for her lifelong support of the British film and television industry.

Sir Kenneth Branagh presented the Queen with the award in a star-studded gala at Windsor Castle.

BAFTA chairman John Willis described Queen Elizabeth as “the most memorable Bond girl yet” – a reference to her cameo in the London Olympics opening ceremony.

Hollywood director George Lucas, who flew in especially for the event, said the UK had been influential for him.

John Willis said: “We should be proud of our industry. The people here this evening represent a vast variety of skills and ground breaking innovation, they have entertained and informed a generation and inspired generations to come.

“I am delighted that this evening has given us the opportunity to give something back. I have the great honor to announce that we are to present Her Majesty with an honorary BAFTA today, in recognition of her outstanding patronage of the film and television industries.”

Queen Elizabeth II has received an honorary BAFTA award for her lifelong support of the British film and television industry

Queen Elizabeth II has received an honorary BAFTA award for her lifelong support of the British film and television industry

The Queen, who attended with Prince Philip, featured with Daniel Craig as James Bond at London 2012 – when she appeared to parachute from a helicopter.

To laughter from the audience, actor Kenneth Branagh said: “Your sensational appearance at the opening ceremony of last year’s Olympics was especially memorable.

“So much so that several of my colleagues here tonight want you to know that should you wish to take it further into the world of British films that they have a number of scripts with them here this evening. I have to warn you, Your Majesty, not all of these films are fully financed.”

The 300 guests represented all areas of the industry including actors, directors, writers, producers, costume and set designers, publicists and critics.

Homeland star Damian Lewis, who attended the event with his actress wife Helen McCrory, said: “The arts and film industry punch above their weight with little funding.

“Our arts in this country and theatre and film and TV are some of our greatest exports, to have that recognized by your monarch is important.”

Comedian Billy Connolly attended the reception as did director Terry Gilliam, actress Minnie Driver and actor Idris Elba.

Actor John Hurt also commented on the Queen’s appearance at the Olympics.

“It was a bit of good fun, I thought so – good on her,” he said.

John Hurt revealed he had come to the event from filming Doctor Who, for its 50th anniversary, in Cardiff.

George Lucas said: “I’ve been here since ’75 so for me this is my second home.

“It’s been very influential for me, I’ve shot lots of movies here not only four of the Star Wars films but also Indiana Jones, all kinds of films – it’s been a long road.”

He added: “Many, many years ago Britain didn’t support the film industry and when I came here it was on its last legs and fortunately now it’s a lot steadier.”

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Queen Elizabeth II has left hospital in central London after being assessed for gastroenteritis symptoms.

The Queen had been at London’s King Edward VII’s Hospital since Sunday – her first hospital stay in 10 years.

All official engagements for this week, including a visit to Rome, were either cancelled or postponed. She also missed St David’s Day celebrations in Swansea.

Buckingham Palace said Queen Elizabeth, 86, was admitted as a precaution and was otherwise in “good health”.

On Monday afternoon, a Bentley took the Queen to Buckingham Palace, where she will spend the night.

Dressed in a red coat and smiling, the Queen shook hands with hospital staff on the steps outside.

A Palace spokeswoman confirmed the Queen’s diary for this week would remain suspended.

She said: “Engagements cancelled or postponed this week remain so.

“Next week, we’ll have to see, as she has only just been released from hospital.”

Queen Elizabeth II has left hospital in central London after being assessed for gastroenteritis symptoms

Queen Elizabeth II has left hospital in central London after being assessed for gastroenteritis symptoms

On Saturday, the Queen had missed the military ceremony in Wales due to the stomach bug.

On Sunday, the Queen was driven from Windsor Castle, where she had been resting, after carrying out a private medal presentation earlier in the day.

A spokesman for the Queen said she was in “good spirits” and her admission was “a precautionary measure”.

Gastroenteritis causes inflammation of the stomach lining and intestines.

The infection can be transmitted through contact with an infected person or contaminated food and drink. Symptoms can include vomiting, fever and stomach ache.

The Queen’s treatment, which has not been disclosed, may have included rehydration and tests to establish if the illness was caused by an infection or an underlying problem.

The Queen last received treatment 10 years ago, again at the King Edward VII’s hospital, for a minor knee operation. At the same time, surgeons removed minor, non-cancerous lesions from her face.

Next weekend, she had been due to spend two days in Rome with the Duke of Edinburgh, at the invitation of Italy’s President Giorgio Napolitano.

It is not clear whether the visit will be re-scheduled.

A reception at Buckingham Palace on Tuesday for MPs and MEPs will go ahead with other members of the Royal Family present.

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Queen Elizabeth II has been hospitalized as a precaution, while she is assessed for symptoms of gastroenteritis, Buckingham Palace says.

The 86-year-old monarch has been taken to King Edward VII Hospital in London, a palace spokesman said.

All official engagements for this week, including the Queen’s trip to Rome, will be either cancelled or postponed.

Queen Elizabeth was driven to hospital by private car on Sunday, and the palace said she was “in good spirits”.

She had earlier carried out a medal presentation at Windsor Castle, where she has been resting over the weekend.

A spokesman for the Queen said she was in “good health”, besides the symptoms of gastroenteritis.

He said: “This is a precautionary measure.

“She was not taken into hospital immediately after feeling the symptoms. This is simply to enable doctors to better assess her.”

The Queen will remain in hospital under observation for about two days.

Queen Elizabeth was last in hospital 10 years ago for a minor knee operation.

News of the Queen’s illness emerged on Friday night, and she was forced to cancel a trip to Swansea on Saturday to mark St David’s Day in a military ceremony.

Queen Elizabeth II has been hospitalized as a precaution, while she is assessed for symptoms of gastroenteritis

Queen Elizabeth II has been hospitalized as a precaution, while she is assessed for symptoms of gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis causes inflammation of the stomach lining and intestines.

The infection can be transmitted through contact with an infected person or contaminated food and drink. Symptoms can include vomiting, fever and stomach ache.

Commenting on the monarch’s medical condition, Professor Christopher Hawkey, of the University of Nottingham’s faculty of medicine and health sciences, said: “The likely cause with the Queen is the norovirus, the winter vomiting virus.

“Because it is infectious, we try to not admit people to hospital as it can start the outbreaks we hear of.”

“But not everyone can keep up with oral hydration, so it is pretty routine to go to hospital and have a drip and wait for the thing to pass and keep yourself hydrated,” he added.

The Queen had been due to spend two days in Rome with the Duke of Edinburgh next weekend, at the invitation of Italy’s President Giorgio Napolitano.

It is not now clear whether the visit will be re-scheduled.

A reception at Buckingham Palace on Tuesday for MPs and MEPs will go ahead with other members of the royal family present.

The Queen may well have gone to hospital slightly unwillingly, as her inclination is not to make a fuss.

During last year’s celebrations for the Diamond Jubilee, the Queen spent a rain-drenched day journeying down the Thames as part of the river pageant – after which her husband, the 91-year-old Duke of Edinburgh, was taken to hospital with a bladder infection.

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Queen Elizabeth II has been forced to cancel a Wales visit on Saturday to celebrate St David’s Day, after developing symptoms of a stomach bug.

Buckingham Palace said the 86-year-old monarch is suffering from gastroenteritis.

The Queen had been due to present members of 3rd Battalion The Royal Welsh in Swansea with leeks to mark St David’s Day.

The monarch will now spend the weekend at Windsor and will be “assessed in the coming days”.

It was due to be the first time that the Queen was to present leeks to 3 Royal Welsh, which is the reserve force of the regiment.

However, Saturday’s ceremonies, including a parade to Swansea’s Guildhall, will still take place – despite the Queen’s absence.

The Lord Lieutenant of West Glamorgan, Byron Lewis, will take over the ceremonial role.

Queen Elizabeth II has been forced to cancel a Wales visit on Saturday to celebrate St David's Day, after developing symptoms of a stomach bug

Queen Elizabeth II has been forced to cancel a Wales visit on Saturday to celebrate St David’s Day, after developing symptoms of a stomach bug

Saturday’s celebrations were due to follow other royal events on St David’s Day itself on Friday in Cardiff.

The Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall attended a service at St John The Baptist City Parish Church, before visiting the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama.

On Thursday, Queen Elizabeth spent the day at Buckingham Palace where she presented honors to a number of Britain’s 2012 Olympic winners.

Olympians honored included heptathlon winner Jessica Ennis, who received the CBE and Team GB cycling boss Dave Brailsford who was knighted.

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The Queen, John Napper’s controversial portrait, which was hidden from view for 60 years because it looked nothing like Queen Elizabeth II, has finally gone on public display.

The portrait, painted by John Napper in 1952, shows Queen Elizabeth II with an extraordinary long neck.

John Napper himself described it as “a beautiful painting of a queen, but not this Queen”.

After spending six decades in council vaults, the portrait went on display in Liverpool’s St George’s Hall on Friday.

The city’s deputy Lord Mayor, Gary Millar, said: “We are very proud that Liverpool now has the original first painting hanging in St George’s Hall, which has been rehung to celebrate the anniversary of the Queen’s Coronation.

“It will be the first thing people will see if they come to get married or have a civil partnership or attend a citizenship ceremony.

“It is an honor for us to work with the friends of the hall, the staff there and the city council to rehang this beautiful painting.”

The Queen, John Napper’s controversial portrait, which was hidden from view for 60 years because it looked nothing like Queen Elizabeth II, has finally gone on public display

The Queen, John Napper’s controversial portrait, which was hidden from view for 60 years because it looked nothing like Queen Elizabeth II, has finally gone on public display

John Napper, who died in 2001, painted a second portrait of The Queen, with a smaller neck, after the original was rejected by the council. That picture still hangs in Liverpool Town Hall.

The artist’s widow, Pauline Napper, told the Daily Telegraph: “I remember the painting well. He was disappointed with the angle at which he painted it, he only had one sitting.

“It was due to be hung up high so that you would look at it from below. If you looked at it from that angle it looked normal.

“Then when they showed it they didn’t put it up high and then it didn’t look like the Queen.”

Pauline Napper added: “It is a beautiful painting, obviously he would have been pleased that it is going on display. I am pleased too, it is a beautiful portrait.”

The public unveiling of the work comes a week after the first official portrait of the Duchess of Cambridge was panned by some critics.

Paul Emsley’s work, which hangs in the National Portrait Gallery, was accused of making Kate Middleton look older and lifeless.

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Queen Elizabeth II has formally declared that the future daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will be a Princess.

With a long-awaited royal baby due in late spring or early summer, the Queen today issued what is known as a Letters Patent to announce that Prince William and Kate Middleton’s baby would become an HRH – Her Royal Highness – even if she is a girl.

In doing so the Queen rectified a century-old anomaly that meant a royal daughter would not automatically become a princess.

A decree made by King George V in 1917 stipulated that that while a son would become a prince, a daughter would not become a princess.

King George had ordered that the titles HRH and Prince and Princess should be restricted to the children of the sovereign, the children of the sovereign’s sons and the eldest son of the eldest of the Prince of Wales.

Royal sources said the Queen felt it was time such a long-standing imbalance was formally rectified.

The Queen’s proclamation, issued through the House of Lords on December 31 last year but only made public today reads: “The Queen has been pleased by Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the Realm dated 31 December 2012 to declare that all the children of the eldest son of The Prince of Wales should have and enjoy the style, title and attribute of Royal Highness with the titular dignity of Prince or Princess prefixed to their Christian names or with such other titles of honor.”

Queen Elizabeth II has formally declared that the future daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will be a Princess

Queen Elizabeth II has formally declared that the future daughter of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will be a Princess

While the announcement is no great surprise, it is, nevertheless, an important milestone for the future third-in-line-to-the-throne.

Letters Patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by the monarch. Their name derives from the Latin pateo, meaning exposed and accessible.

They are a form of public proclamation and a rare exercise of extra-parliamentary power by the sovereign, known as royal prerogative.

Prior to the establishment of parliament the sovereign ruled absolutely by the issuing of his or her personal written orders.

That said, such documents – which are rare nowadays – tend to be issued with informal government approval.

The Letters Patent would have been marked with the Great Seal of the Realm, the chief seal of the Crown, used to show the monarch’s approval of important State Documents.

Any document relating to a close member of the Royal Family requires the use of a unique blue seal.

Buckingham Palace refused to comment on the timing of the announcement and whether it meant that Kate Middleton was now safely past the crucial 12-week stage of pregnancy.

However well-placed royal sources suggested that the Queen had been keen to do for some time.

Kate Middleton, who celebrated her 31st birthday yesterday, was taken into hospital in early December suffering from acute pregnancy-related sickness and has retained a low profile ever since.

Last month a new law was published – the Succession to the Crown Bill – which end the system of male primogeniture, meaning the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge’s first child will become monarch whether they are a boy or a girl.

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Queen Elizabeth II gave her Christmas Message to the nation as her Diamond Jubilee year draws to a close.

Since her first message in 1952, The Queen has ruled through enormous historic events and periods of change.

1950s

Queen Elizabeth II gave her first Christmas message in 1952 which was broadcast in sound only on television in the UK.

However, her message five years later was perhaps more significant as it was the first to be televised.

The Queen read from the Long Library at Sandringham House and in her message she noted how it was the 25th anniversary of the first Christmas message broadcast on radio.

She also highlighted the advance of technology which allowed her message to be seen by people up and down the country in their homes.

However, despite marking how things were changing, she also spoke about the importance of holding on to ideals and values such as religion, self-restraint and honesty.

1960s

During this decade the Queen gave birth to Prince Andrew and Prince Edward. It was a period of huge social upheaval which the Queen reflected in her 1966 message.

She used the broadcast to speak about the increasingly prominent and important role played by women in society.

It was also during this year that the Aberfan disaster occurred in which 144 people were killed following the collapse of a colliery spoil tip into the Welsh village of Aberfan.

No Christmas address was given by the Queen in 1969 because Elizabeth felt that with the investiture of Prince Charles and the release of a documentary about the Royal Family she had had enough coverage on television.

1970s

A number of the Queen’s Christmas Day messages during this decade reflected on the continuing troubles in Northern Ireland.

The monarch also celebrated the wedding of her daughter, The Princess Anne, to Captain Mark Phillips.

In 1977, the Queen’s speech celebrated the Silver Jubilee. She used her message to express hope for a reconciliation in Northern Ireland.

In August of that year, she visited Northern Ireland for the first time in 11 years and she attempted to help push for peace.

1980s

The first Christmas Day Message of this decade attracted a record 28 million viewers in the United Kingdom.

The Queen reflected on celebrations for The Queen Mother’s 80th birthday and used her message to address the themes of service in all its forms.

The Queen’s 1982 message marked the 30th anniversary of the first Christmas message. She delivered this message in the library of Windsor Castle for the very first time.

The year was marked by British troops fighting in the Falklands War and so the theme of the message by the Queen was “the sea”.

Prince William was also born during this year with Prince Harry born in 1984.

1990s

In 1990, Her Majesty paid tribute to the role of the armed services as troops prepared for Operation Desert Storm in the First Gulf War.

A year later, her message highlighted the huge changes occurring across Eastern Europe and particularly the Soviet Union, which was dissolved into 15 states on Christmas Day.

In her speech in 1995, the Queen reminded the country of the 50th anniversaries of VE Day and VJ Day and paid tribute to soldiers who had died in the Second World War.

Two years later, the Queen’s message opened with a reminder of a personal loss when Princess Diana died just a few months earlier. But she also spoke of her joy of married life.

In 1999, she told how she was looking forward to the new Millennium.

2000s

The Queen used her first Christmas message of the new Millennium to reflect on the role of faith in communities.

The following year, Her Majesty made reference to foot-and-mouth disease, which had crippled Britain’s farming community, and the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Her 50th Christmas broadcast in 2002 was tinged with personal sadness for the Queen as she reflected on the deaths of The Queen Mother and Princess Margaret.

But she also remembered the joyous scenes when the nation celebrated her Golden Jubilee.

In 2005, she drew attention to tragedies such as the south-east Asia tsunami which killed more than 230,000 people in 14 countries, the earthquake in Kashmir and the 7/7 bombings in London.

Critics pointed to her omission of Prince Charles’s wedding to Camilla Parker Bowles, with some in the media describing it as a “snub”.

A year later was the first time the speech was made available as a podcast.

In 2008, she addressed people’s concerns about the global economic crash and called on the nation to work for a better future and not accept defeat.

Queen Elizabeth II gave her Christmas Message to the nation as her Diamond Jubilee year draws to a close

Queen Elizabeth II gave her Christmas Message to the nation as her Diamond Jubilee year draws to a close

2010s

In 2010, the Christmas message for filmed for the first time at Hampton Court Palace.

She spoke of the unifying force of sport at building communities and featured footage of Prince William and Prince Harry playing football with orphans in Lesotho.

This year, the Queen paid tribute to the success of the Olympic and Paralympic athletes at London 2012 and reflected on the celebrations for her Diamond Jubilee.

It was filmed for the first time in 3D… in stark contrast to that audio-only Christmas message of 1952.

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Queen Elizabeth II wore dark glasses with a glittering Swarovski “Q” on each side while she was watching a preview of her Christmas message, which has been filmed in 3D for the first time.

Seen with her 3D glasses as she chats to senior staff from Sky News, who have produced this year’s message, the 86-year-old monarch is said to be thoroughly delighted with the result.

A Buckingham Palace spokesman said the Queen thought the broadcast was “absolutely lovely”, adding: “We wanted to do something a bit different and special in this jubilee year, so doing it for the first time in 3D seemed a good thing, technology-wise, to do.

“The Queen absolutely agreed straight away – there was no need for convincing at all, she was absolutely ready to embrace something new in this year.”

It is not the first time the Queen has worn 3D glasses. In fact, the pictured pair were first seen when she went to a movie training centre in Toronto, Canada, in 2010.

Queen Elizabeth II wore dark glasses with a glittering Swarovski Q on each side while she was watching a preview of her Christmas message

Queen Elizabeth II wore dark glasses with a glittering Swarovski Q on each side while she was watching a preview of her Christmas message

During her message, which will be broadcast at 3:00 p.m. tomorrow, the Queen will talk about the impact of London 2012, saying: “All those who saw the achievement and courage at the Olympic and Paralympic Games were further inspired by the skill, dedication, training and teamwork of our athletes.

“In pursuing their own sporting goals, they gave the rest of us the opportunity to share something of the excitement and drama.”

When the message is broadcast tomorrow the Queen and Prince Philip will be at Sandringham with other royals – but they will not be joined by the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge.

The couple have decided to break with tradition as a result of 30-year-old Kate Middleton’s pregnancy and continuing sickness and instead spend Christmas with the Middleton family.

However, they will make an appearance at Sandringham on Boxing Day for the regular pheasant shoot on the 20,000-acre Norfolk estate and are expected to remain there for a couple of days.

The move has led to speculation that the couple may choose to spend alternate Christmases with their respective families, as many modern couples do.

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Adamas is a new perfume created especially for Queen Elizabeth II by the Royal Society of Chemistry as a Diamond jubilee Christmas present.

The perfume, which was presented to the Queen this week at Buckingham Palace was created with her reign and interests in mind representing the many facets of our Queen’s personality.

Described as a beautiful green floral fragrance created in a classical style with subtle modern twists, the scent, named Adamas after the Greek word for diamond, is a Christmas gift for the Queen in her Diamond Jubilee year which has seen a host of celebrations across the globe.

It is contained in a bespoke crystal bottle specially designed by Yorkshire glassmakers David Saunders and Andrew Wallace, and in keeping with the royal family’s support of recycling the red, gold and pink bottle was fashioned from recycled Darlington crystal.

The Queen, who celebrated her 65th or Sapphire wedding anniversary this week, has sat on the thrones of seven countries for 60 years since her ascension following her father, King George VI’s death in 1952.

In partnership with the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), CPL Aromas, the British-based international fragrance house that created the scent to an RSC brief, took inspiration from the scents and natural products in commonwealth countries, such as Jamaica, Canada and India.

Perfumers Stephene Bengana and Ange Stavrevka, who collaborated to make the scent also wanted to reflect the impressive length of time her Majesty has been on the throne by using fragrances that were characteristically worn at the time of her coronation.

Ange Stavrevka  said: “Sensual floral’s were popular during this era as were fresh and lively green accords both of which feature.”

Adamas is a perfume created especially for the Queen by the RSC as a Diamond jubilee Christmas present

Adamas is a perfume created especially for the Queen by the RSC as a Diamond jubilee Christmas present

The Royal inspired perfume has a light sweet scent formed from the peach and pear notes combined with Lilly of the valley, rose, Indian Jasmine and Tuberose oils, with Canadian Cedar Leaf oil adding a deeper, slightly warmer edge to the fragrance.

Jamaican Pimento Leaf, Sri Lankan Cinnamon leaf and Australian Sandalwood oils also help form the warm subtle base behind the perfume.

There is bad news though for anyone wanting to smell like the queen, this scent will never be available to the common folk: the RSC has confirmed that the fragrance will never be offered to anyone other than the Queen.

President of the Royal Society of Chemistry, Professor Lesley Yellowlees said: “The RSC, of which the Queen is Patron, wishes to mark her Majesty’s jubilee in a special fashion and with her agreement, we set about creating something that would echo her own interests while having a unique aroma.”

Last night, at the Olympic Opening Ceremony, Queen Elizabeth II appeared in her first movie acting role and proved herself an instant comedy hit.

Her Majesty was seen in a film alongside James Bond actor Daniel Craig before apparently “parachuting” into the stadium for the opening ceremony.

The recorded sequence opened at Buckingham Palace, where a tuxedo-wearing Daniel Craig as 007 was presented to the Queen by her personal footman as she was writing a letter and training her corgis Monty, Willow and Holly to roll over.

Greeting him with an “Evening, Mr. Bond”, the Queen, in a rose-pink dress, was seen striding briskly through the palace with the action hero before climbing into a helicopter emblazoned with the Union Flag.

Queen Elizabeth II appeared in her first movie acting role and proved herself an instant comedy hit

Queen Elizabeth II appeared in her first movie acting role and proved herself an instant comedy hit

The two were depicted as soaring over the streets of London and through Tower Bridge until they finally reached the Olympic Park.

As the film reached its climax, spectators inside the east London stadium heard an Agusta Westland AW139 helicopter, which finally appeared hovering above.

As the aircraft steadied in the movie sequence, James Bond was seen opening the door and appearing to hesitate. While he dithered, the figure of the Queen pushed past him and dived out into the air followed by 007 – Union Jack parachutes streaming behind them. Meanwhile, from the real helicopter above the stadium, the same two figures appeared to plunge to earth.

And, with the familiar Bond theme tune sounding around the stadium, the spotlight shone on the Royal Box to reveal the Queen in exactly the same dress she wore in the film.

Accompanied by the Duke of Edinburgh, she entered to rapturous applause with Jacques Rogge, president of the International Olympic Committee.

The Union Flag was then carried into the stadium and raised by representatives of the Royal Navy, Army and RAF.

Director Danny Boyle said: “The Queen made herself more accessible than ever before.”

Organizers said that having to secure permission to fly along the Thames through Tower Bridge – which had never been done before – was a challenge in itself.

The two parachutists who actually leapt from the helicopter last night were Gary Connery, a professional base jumper, and Mark Suttan, a former officer in the Royal Gurkha Rifles.

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According to newly-updated “protocols” approved by Queen Elizabeth II, Duchess of Cambridge has been placed firmly down the royal pecking order.

A document is said to have been circulated privately in the Royal Household, clarifying Kate’s status.

Despite being the future Queen herself, as a former commoner, the once Kate Middleton must apparently show reverence to the “blood princesses”.

This means Kate is expected to curtsey to those born royal, such as Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie – both in public and in private.

The rule only applies when her husband, Prince William, is not present.

Royal observers suspect Kate will not mind the new rules as she is keen to please everybody, but Prince William may be less happy.

In his absence, Kate must also curtsey to other blue-blooded women in the Royal Household including Princess Anne and Princess Alexandra, the Queen’s cousin.

In the case of the Countess of Wessex, it is she who will have to curtsey to Kate – even though she is a generation older and is married to the Queen’s son, Edward.

According to new protocols, Kate Middleton is expected to curtsey to those born royal, such as Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie, both in public and in private

According to new protocols, Kate Middleton is expected to curtsey to those born royal, such as Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie, both in public and in private

The Earl of Wessex’s wife was once the second-highest ranking woman in the Royal Family because neither of the Queen’s other sons, Prince Charles and Prince Andrew, were married.

This is effectively Sophie’s second “demotion”, having been pushed down the list in 2005 after Prince Charles married Camilla, and finding she was expected to curtsey to the Duchess of Cornwall.

The complex new rules come in a little-known edict entitled the Order Of Precedence Of The Royal Family To Be Observed At Court, which the Queen has updated to take into account Prince William’s wife.

When Prince William is with her, Kate does not need to bend the knee to either Beatrice or Eugenie.

But she must always curtsey to the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh, the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall, whether Prince William is present or not.

The thorny question of how Kate would fit into the UK’s first family has long been a subject of speculation among royal observers.

The Princess Royal, for example, is said to have refused to ever curtsey to Princess Diana or to Camilla, on the basis they were outsiders whereas she had given her whole adult life to royal service.

In an effort to avoid an epic battle of royal egos, the Queen drew up the first Order of Precedence in 2005, after Prince Charles married Camilla.

Its effect was to change the order along “blood lines” so that Princesses Anne, Beatrice, Eugenie and Alexandra – the granddaughter of George V – were all ahead of Camilla.

The etiquette, though arcane to some, is taken very seriously by the royals, who bow and curtsey to each other in public and behind closed doors.

The Order of Precedence affects other aspects of royal protocol too, such as who arrives first at an event. For example, Camilla was forced to wait in the drizzle outside the Guards Chapel, Windsor, for the arrival of Princess Anne at a memorial service in 2006, because Prince Charles had not accompanied her.

Royal historian Brian Hoey, an expert on court protocol, predicted when Prince William married Kate that: “Kate will take the rank of her husband, which means that when she’s at court, Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie should curtsey to her. But I don’t think there’s a chance they will.”

While Prince William feels warmly towards his cousins, Beatrice and Eugenie, he’s conscious of the fact that they are lesser royals.

“As future King, he will wish to see them behaving correctly towards their future Queen – but their attitude is likely to be: <<Why should I? I was born royal – Kate wasn’t>>.”