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China economy

The Shanghai Composite, one of China’s leading stock indexes, has seen its highest daily spike in more than two years following signs that the government will step in to support battered equity markets.

It closed up 4.1%, its biggest one-day rise since March 2016.

The moves extend a rally that began on October 19 and after investor confidence surged on assurances from Beijing.

Stocks had been falling as China’s economic growth continued to stutter.

On October 19, top Chinese financial officials – including economic adviser Liu He and the heads of the securities and insurance commissions – issued a statement to buoy investor sentiment in bruised markets.

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Over the weekend, the Chinese government published a draft of new rules for personal tax deductions, Reuters reports.

The moves come as China, the world’s second largest economy, faces challenges such as high debt levels and an intensifying trade war with the US.

The October 19 data showed that in Q3 2018, China’s economy grew at the lowest rate since global financial crisis, expanding by 6.5% from a year earlier.

The rate was a drop from the 6.7% pace in the prior quarter, but remains in line with the government’s full-year target of about 6.5%.

For years China has pushed to wean its economy off exports and rely more on domestic consumption for growth.

At the same time, the Chinese government has been fighting to contain ballooning debt driven by a wave of infrastructure development and a housing bubble without hurting growth.

In recent months the government has taken steps to support China’s economy, including cutting capital requirements to boost liquidity and ease the slowdown.

The Chinese economy grew at an annual pace of 6.7%  in Q2 of 2018, official data showed, meeting forecasts for the period.

The data marked a slight slowdown from a 6.8% expansion recorded in Q1 of 2018.

It comes as the Chinese government attempts to curb growing debt and as trade tensions with the US escalate.

Last week, the US raised the stakes in a trade war last week, listing another $200 billion worth of China’s goods to be hit by tariffs.

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Chinese stock markets, which have struggled recently amid the escalating trade dispute between the US and China, traded down slightly on July 16.

The US slapped tariffs on $34 billion of Chinese goods on July 6, opening the way for a tit-for-tat trade war with the world’s second-largest economy.

China retaliated, saying the US had launched the “largest trade war in economic history”.

Last month, China’s monthly trade surplus with the US hit a record high of nearly $29 billion as exports to America remained strong.

President Donald Trump recently suggested that more than $500 billion of Chinese goods could be hit by tariffs. That is almost equal to the value of China’s entire goods exports to the US in 2017.

According to official data, China’s economy grew by 6.9% in 2017 – the first time in seven years the pace of growth has picked up.

The figure beats the government’s official annual expansion target of about 6.5%.

China is a key driver of the global economy and so the better-than-expected data is likely to cheer investors around the world.

However, many China watchers believe the GDP numbers are much weaker than the official figures suggest.

This month alone, the governments of Inner Mongolia and of the large industrial city of Tianjin have admitted their economic numbers for 2016 were overstated.

Taking the figures at face value, the 2017 growth rate is China’s highest in two years and it represents the first time the economy has expanded faster than the previous year since 2010.

However, as Beijing ramps up efforts to reduce risky debt and to increase air quality, analysts said this may impact 2018 growth.

The numbers released on January 18 also showed that in O4 of 2017, the economy grew at an annual rate of 6.8% – slightly higher than analysts had been expecting.

The country’s debt has risen significantly in recent years, with worrying numbers around local government loans, corporate and household debt and non-performing bank loans.

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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) said recently that China’s debt had ballooned and was now equivalent to 234% of the total output. It said China needed to concentrate less on growth and instead help improve banks’ finances, among other efforts.

Meanwhile, the Chinese government says it has been taking steps to contain risky debt despite the impact that might have on economic growth – efforts the IMF said it recognized.

The government has promised to continue tackling local government debt, among other efforts, and on January 18 vowed to help state-owned enterprises “leverage and cut debt … and to repay their bonds on time this year”.

China’s strict anti-pollution measures, which were introduced across 28 cities in 2017, are also expected to hurt economic growth in the short term.

The measures have included shutting down or cutting back production at factories in heavy industry like cement and steel.

Households have also been asked to switch to natural gas and electricity from coal, in an effort to curb pollution.

However, this policy left millions without proper heating, and so was temporarily abandoned in December.

According to officials, Beijing’s air quality improved sharply in the winter of 2017. They also heralded their efforts as a “new reality” for China.

China has cut its 2017 growth target to around 6.5%, down from 7% in 2016, PM Li Keqiang has announced.

Li Keqiang was addressing China’s rubber-stamp parliament, the National People’s Congress (NPC), which has gathered in Beijing for its annual session.

The Chinese economy expanded at its slowest pace in 26 years in 2016.

Li Keqiang said he would tackle state “zombie enterprises” producing more coal and steel than the market needed.

Similar pledges in the past have proved hard to fulfill.

More than 3,000 legislators are meeting in the Great Hall of the People.

The NPC and its advisory body hold ceremonial meetings every year known as “lianghui” or “two sessions”.

Image source Flickr

PM Li Keqiang described the world’s second-largest economy as a butterfly struggling to emerge from a chrysalis.

The premier said this transformation was filled with promise but also great pain.

Li Keqiang repeatedly paid tribute to Communist Party leader Xi Jinping and said that under the sound leadership of the Party, the Chinese people had the courage and ingenuity to overcome all difficulties.

His list of China’s difficulties ranged from the smog which blankets much of the country to the laziness of some government officials.

In a veiled reference to President Donald Trump’s complaints about China’s exchange rate and trade policies, PM Li Keqiang warned of a far more complicated global picture in the year ahead with China facing the threat of growing protectionism.

NPC leaders are tolerating slightly slower economic growth this year to give them more room to push through some painful reforms to deal with a rapid build-up in debt, Reuters reports.

On the subject of tackling China’s pollution issues, Li Keqiang pledged to “work harder” to address the issue exacerbated by heavy industry.

This year’s “lianghui” comes ahead of a major Chinese Communist Party congress, due to be held later this year.

That congress will confirm party chief and President Xi Jinping’s second term in office, as well as announce changes in the party’s top leadership.

Alibaba has announced record sales record its annual Singles Day event.

The e-commerce giant said sales this year had reached 121 billion yuan ($18 billion), a rise of 32% on 2015 sales which were worth $14.3 billion.

However, some have questioned the accuracy of the numbers, amid claims of inflated sales data at Chinese online retailers.

Merchants passing off counterfeit goods as genuine is also a problem in the industry.

The company reported 82% of purchases had been made on mobile phones during Singles Day.Alibaba Singles Day 2015

Alibaba has also been experimenting with new technology including augmented reality and virtual reality to give shoppers other ways of buying items.

This year’s Singles Day had a blistering start with sales hitting $5 billion in the first hour, Alibaba said, though that total included pre-orders made by customers who could “lock in” prices. It took 90 minutes to hit that milestone in 2015.

Singles Day is held every year on November 11. The day is also referred to as Double Eleven because of its date.

Originally claimed as a celebration for China’s young singletons, Alibaba turned it into a shopping bonanza in 2009.

While Alibaba is undeniably the driving force behind Singles Day, other retailers have also started to piggyback off the idea, including extending the concept to Hong Kong and Taiwan.

Alibaba’s rival JD.com, which focuses more on electronics, reported receiving more orders in the first nine hours of trading on Friday than it had done during the whole of Singles Day 2014.

JD.com said sales passed last year’s Singles Day total in the early afternoon, but gave no figures.

As has now become tradition, Singles Day was kicked off with a televised gala event which this year included a performances by One Republic and appearances by basketball legend Kobe Bryant, soccer legend David Beckham and his wife Victoria Beckham.

Katy Perry, who had been scheduled to perform, withdrew citing a family emergency.

Analysts have predicted this year’s Singles Day could see Alibaba rack up sales of $20 billion despite a slowdown in China’s economy, partly due to the event having a broader audience.

China’s February exports dropped sharply by 25.4% from a year earlier, while imports fell 13.8%.

The weak data comes on the heels of Beijing registering the slowest economic growth in 25 years.

China’s National People’s Congress, currently underway in the capital, has just revised the 2016 growth target down, predicting a “battle for growth”.

Photo Xinhua

Photo Xinhua

The last month trade figures are likely to raise new fears over China struggling to maintain economic growth while implementing reforms and trying to shift towards more services and domestic spending.

Customs figures showed exports fell to $126.1 billion in February. That was down 25.4% from a year earlier and worse than an expected fall of about 15%.

The poor trade data marks the worst performance since the height of the global financial crisis in May 2009.

However, analysts cautioned that the data might have been affected by the longer-than-usual Chinese Lunar New Year holidays.

Moody’s has cut China’s outlook from “stable” to “negative”.

While reaffirming its current debt rating, the US ratings agency warned that reforms were needed to avoid a downgrade.

Moody’s said the change in outlook was based on expectations that Beijing’s fiscal strength would continue to decline.

The negative outlook comes on the heels of fresh data suggesting China’s economy is continuing to lose steam.

Moody’s said it was concerned over China’s incomplete implementation of much needed reforms.Moodys China rating

“Without credible and efficient reforms, China’s GDP growth would slow more markedly as a high debt burden dampens business investment and demographics turn increasingly unfavorable,” the agency said in a note.

“Government debt would increase more sharply than we currently expect.”

Moody’s did confirm China’s current Aa3 rating, saying that there was still time to address the current economic imbalances and implement reforms.

Just one week ago, China sought to assure the global economic community over the strength of its economy.

At the G20 meeting in Shanghai, China’s finance minister Lou Jiwei insisted Beijing could tackle the pressures it is currently facing.

China’s economy, the second-biggest in the world, is growing at the slowest rate in 25 years as it attempts to move from an export-led nation to one led by consumption and services.

The slowdown in China’s economy has created considerable uncertainty in financial markets and has led to sharp falls in commodity prices.

China’s stock market dropped more than 6% on February 25, its biggest fall for a month.

The Shanghai Composite index ended the day down 187.65 points, or 6.4%, at 2,741.25 as concerns persisted over China’s slowing economy.

The Chinese shares have fallen by about a half since June 2015, but have enjoyed a modest rally in recent weeks.

Analysts suggested today’s sharp fall was partly down to investors taking profits.

Investors are also said to be cautious ahead of a G20 meeting in Shanghai.

Photo Xinhua

Photo Xinhua

The sell-off in China also affected Hong Kong, with the Hang Seng index closing down 1.6% at 18,888.75.

In Japan, shares in Sharp tumbled following news that the struggling electronics giant had accepted a takeover offer from Taiwan’s Foxconn.

Trading was suspended ahead of the announcement, and when it restarted the shares closed down 15% at 149 yen.

Overall, the Nikkei index rose 1.4% to close at 16,140.34, while the broader Topix index rose 1.79% to 1,307.54.

In Australia, the benchmark ASX 200 index ended the day 0.1% higher at 4,881.18.

Shares in Australia’s biggest casino company, Crown Resorts, fell heavily after it reported a slump in half-year profits, dented by a sharp slowdown at its Chinese operations.

Crown Resorts’ Sydney-listed shares tumbled more than 9% on the profit report, but recovered some of that loss to trade about 4.5% lower in afternoon trade.

According to official figures, the Indian economy grew at an average rate of 7.5% in 2015, faster than the 6.9% growth in China.

In recent history it has been unusual, but not unprecedented, for India to grow faster than China.

It happened in 1981,1989,1990 and 1999, and 2015 was the first instance in this millennium, according to the IMF.India economic growth 2015

India’s government said growth in the October to December quarter was 7.3%, a slight drop on previous quarters which were revised sharply higher.

Even though the economy lost steam in the last quarter, its pace of expansion was faster than the growth posted by China in the same quarter.

India measures its economy over a fiscal rather than a calendar year.

The government of Narendra Modi said the Indian economic growth for the fiscal year ending March 2016 is forecast to accelerate to 7.6%.

However, some economists say the latest growth figures are at odds with other data for Asia’s third largest economy, including weak exports, railway freight, cement production and investment and flat order books.

A year ago India’s statistics ministry revised GDP growth rates higher – closer to that of China – by updating the base year used for price comparisons.

According to a People’s Bank of China report, the country’s foreign currency reserves plunged by $99.5 billion in January 2016.

China has been running down its vast foreign currency reserves in an attempt to boost the value of its own currency, the yuan, and stem a flow of funds overseas.

At $3.23 trillion, China still has the world’s biggest reserve of foreign currency holdings.

However, that has declined by $420 billion over six months and stands at the lowest level since May 2012.China foreign currency reserves plunge

The Chinese authorities fear a rapid devaluation of their currency, as it could destabilize the economy.

Many Chinese businesses hold debt in dollars and managing those debts with a severely weakened yuan could cause problems and some companies to fail.

China has been trying to engineer an ordered devaluation of the yuan, but that is proving hard to deliver.

Investors have been trying to pull funds out of investments priced in yuan and speculators have been betting on further falls in the currency.

To stabilize the situation, China has been selling dollars and buying yuan.

China has been using other tactics, including curbing currency speculation and ordering offshore banks to retain their reserves of yuan.

The Chinese economy grew by 6.9% in 2015, compared with 7.3% in 2014, marking its slowest growth in 25 years.

China’s growth, seen as a driver of the global economy, is a major concern for investors around the world.

The government had set an official growth target of “about 7%” for the world’s second-largest economy.China economic growth 2016

PM Li Keqiang has said weaker growth would be acceptable as long as enough new jobs were created.

However, some observers say its growth is actually much weaker than official data suggests, though Beijing denies numbers are being inflated.

Analysts said any growth below 6.8% would likely fuel calls for further economic stimulus. Economic growth in Q4 of 2015 edged down to 6.8%, according to China’s national bureau of statistics.

After experiencing rapid growth for more than a decade, China’s economy has experienced a painful slowdown in the last two years.

Some argue that China’s focus on creating an economy driven by consumption is misplaced. They say as the country attempts to rebalance its economy, it should focus on productivity in order to sustain high growth.

China’s economic growth slowed to 6.9% in Q3 of 2015, the weakest rate since the global financial crisis.

The year-on-year growth rate is also below the government’s 7% target.

Though slightly above expectations, the data is expected to raise pressure on policymakers to step up monetary policy to stem the slowdown.

China’s economy has been hit by extreme stock market volatility over the summer and weak economic data, causing concern on markets around the world.

Most analysts were expecting growth figures of 6.8% for Q3 of 2015.

The latest growth figure comes after a slew of disappointing data out of China. Earlier in the month, manufacturing data suggested the sector continued to contract for September.China economic growth

Imports saw a sharp fall for the past month while inflation eased by more than expected, adding to fears of a rapid slowdown in the world’s second largest economy.

China has been attempting to shift from an export-led economy to a consumer and services-led one.

Beijing set an official growth target of “about 7%” for the overall year but PM Li Keqiang said a lower growth rate was also acceptable, as long as enough new jobs were created.

Analysts say the steep fall in imports suggests domestic demand is not as strong as the government would have hoped.

The slowdown comes despite repeated interest rate cuts and other stimulus measures introduced by Beijing.

They could be seen in the industrial production data, in heavy industry and other sectors.

In Q2 of 2015, growth did beat expectations, coming in at 7% from the previous year, matching growth in the first three months of the year.

Economists are, however, continuing to call for more government action, as volatility in the stock markets sparks concerns of financial turmoil and potential social unrest.

Asian markets traded lower on Wednesday, October 14, as investors digested disappointing economic data from China.

Chinese inflation figures came in weaker than expected, and came a day after trade figures showed a steep fall in imports.

Japan’s benchmark Nikkei index closed down 1.8% at 17,907.39.

China’s main index Shanghai Composite edged up 0.2% to 3,299.51, while in Hong Kong the Hang Seng index was down 0.61% at 22,460.16.Asian markets October 2015

In Australia, the S&P/ASX 200 fell 0.56% to 5,173.80, while South Korea’s benchmark Kospi index dropped 0.55% to 2,007.72.

The latest official data from China – the world’s second largest economy – showed consumer inflation slowed to 1.6% in September from 2% in August. Wholesale inflation was 5.9%, unchanged from the month before.

The wholesale numbers were in line with expectations, but consumer inflation was expected to rise 1.8%. China’s target for consumer inflation is about 3%.

Economic data released on October 13 showed that imports in September fell by a more-than-expected 17.7% in yuan-denominated terms, while exports fell 1.1% from a year earlier.

As it continues to face a slowdown in economic growth, China is trying to move away from an export-led economy towards one led by consumer demand.

The sharp fall in imports posted on October 13 raised concerns around the world that domestic demand in China is weakening.

China’s imports fell a more-than-expected 17.7% in yuan-denominated terms in September 2015, while exports fell 1.1% from a year earlier, official figures show.

The new figures leave China with a trade surplus of 376.2 billion yuan ($59.4 billion).

The steep fall in imports compares with a fall of 14.3% in August and continues to reflect lower commodity prices globally.

China recently revised down its 2014 economic growth from 7.4% to 7.3%.

The revision marks its weakest growth for almost 25 years. After decades of double-digit growth, the government is expecting to see growth of about 7% in 2015.China imports September 2015

China is attempting to shift from an export-led economy to a consumer-led one.

Exports in September held up better than expected, after some had forecast a fall of as much as 7%.

However, the significant fall in imports means domestic demand is not as strong as the government would have hoped.

China’s official trade numbers in US dollar denominated terms were reported shortly after the yuan-denominated numbers.

They showed exports fell a less-than-expected 3.7% in September, while imports slumped 20.4% from a year earlier. The numbers leave the country with a surplus of $60.34 billion for the month – which the government said was higher than expected.

Currency conversion factors based on US dollar and Chinese yuan movements over the last year mean some official numbers from the mainland are now reported in both currencies.

The World Bank has decided to cut Asia growth forecast for 2015 and 2016, because of the risks posed from a sharp slowdown in China and raising US interest rates.

The bank now expects growth in developing East Asia and the Pacific to be 6.5% in 2015 and 6.4% in 2016, down from an earlier forecast of 6.7%.

The latest estimate is even lower than growth of 6.8% in 2014.

Major development banks have recently revised lower their growth forecasts.

Last month, the Asian Development Bank said slowing growth in China would drag down the developing region’s growth to 5.8% in 2015.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) also flagged in September that slowing growth in the world’s second largest economy posed a threat to the global economy.World Bank Asia growth forecast

“Developing East Asia’s growth is expected to slow because of China’s economic rebalancing and the pace of the expected normalization of US policy interest rates,” said the World Bank’s regional chief economist Sudhir Shetty in a statement on October 5.

“If China’s growth were to slow further, the effects would be felt in the rest of the region, especially in countries linked to China through trade, investment and tourism.”

East Asia accounts for almost two-fifths of the world’s economic growth, according to the World Bank.

The World Bank now expects China’s economy to grow 6.9% this year and 6.7% in 2016, down from an earlier forecast of 7.1% and 7% respectively.

China is headed for its slowest growth in a quarter of a century in 2015 and calls are growing that it may undershoot the government’s official target of 7%.

Interest rates in the US, meanwhile, are expected to rise for the first time in nearly a decade in the coming months, which could result in a flood of capital leaving emerging markets as Asian currencies are hit.

“While this increase has been anticipated and is likely to be orderly, there is still a risk that markets could react sharply to such tightening, causing currencies to depreciate, bond spreads to rise, capital inflows to fall, and liquidity to tighten,” the World Bank said.

China’s stocks fell on September 14 after economic data released on the previous day underlined fears growth is slackening.

Growth in both fixed-asset investment, up 10.9% in August from a year ago, and factory output, at 6.1%, came in below expectations.

The Shanghai Composite index closed down 2.67% at 3,114.80, while Hong Kong’s Hang Seng was flat, up just 0.16% at 21,538.97.

The Shanghai index has lost nearly 40% since its peak in mid-June.

Shares of four of China’s largest brokerages tumbled as much as 7% following news of fines and penalties from the securities regulator for failing to conduct proper checks on clients.

The four were fined 178.5 million yuan ($28 million) and had 62.4 million yuan of profits confiscated, according to the securities filings by the companies.

Regulators have been cracking down on trading firms to stem the volatility that has rocked the markets for the past few months.

Photo Getty Images

Photo Getty Images

The rest of Asian shares traded mixed, despite Friday’s positive finish on Wall Street, with investors cautious in advance of the Federal Reserve meeting this week.

All eyes are on the US policy meeting, which ends with a decision on September 17 on whether to raise interest rates for the first time in almost a decade.

Economists are split on whether the long-awaited move will happen.

Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 index finished down 1.6% to 17,965.70 points.

Japanese investors are also looking ahead to the conclusion of the Bank of Japan’s two-day policy meeting on Tuesday, where they are expected to maintain their easing program.

In Australia, the benchmark S&P/ASX 200 closed up 0.6% to 5,102.30.

Shares in Oil Search reversed earlier losses to close up 0.2% after it rejected an $8 billion takeover proposal from Australia’s biggest energy company Woodside Petroleum, saying the offer was too cheap.

South Korea’s benchmark Kospi ended down 0.5% to 1,931.46.

According to latest figures, growth in China’s investment and factory output in August 2015 has come in below forecasts, in a further indication that the world’s second-largest economy is losing steam.

Factory output grew by 6.1% from the year before – below forecasts of 6.4%.

Growth in fixed-asset investment – largely property – slowed to 10.9% for the year-to-date, a 15-year low.

Growing evidence that China’s economic powerhouse is slowing down has caused major investment market falls.

Other indications that China’s economy is weakening can be seen in falling car sales and lower imports and inflation.

Chinese manufacturers cut prices at their fastest pace in six years, largely on the back of a drop in commodity prices, which have dropped sharply over the past year as demand from China faltered.China economic slowdown 2015

Last week, Chinese PM Li Keqiang, said his country remained on track to meet all its economic targets for this year despite the economic data.

China has already cut interests rates five times since November 2014 to encourage lending and spur economic activity, along with other measures to boost growth.

PM Li Keqiang pledged that China would take more steps to boost domestic demand and that it would implement more policies designed to lift imports.

China recently revised down its 2014 growth figures from 7.4% to 7.3% – its weakest showing in nearly 25 years.

For 2015, the Chinese government is targeting annual economic growth of about 7%.

Meanwhile, the Chinese authorities said they would take new steps towards a more market-based economic system by offering shares in state-owned businesses to private investors.

The move, which they said would help improve corporate governance and asset management, is planned to take place before 2020.

China’s industrial economy is dominated by 111 conglomerates which are state owned.

Asian stock markets were mostly lower on September 10 as economic data from Japan and China made investors cautious.

After surging almost 8% on September 9, Japan’s Nikkei 225 index closed down 2.5% at 18,299.62, among Asia’s big losers.

Worries about a slowdown China and the impact of a US interest rate hike also dented investors’ confidence.

Analysts said losses were to be expected considering Wednesday’s significant gains – particularly in Japan.

Core machinery orders in Japan, which are a key indicator of capital expenditure, fell by 3.6% in July compared with June.

The renewed decline suggested that business investment may fall yet again this quarter, economists said.

In Australia, the S&P/ASX 200 closed down 2.4% at 5,098.40, following Wall Street lower and after two sessions of gains.

Photo AsiaNews

Photo AsiaNews

The Australian dollar fell together with the New Zealand dollar on Thursday after New Zealand’s central bank cut interest rates to 2.75% and said it may introduce further easing measures to boost its flagging economy.

In China, the benchmark Shanghai Composite ended down 1.4% to 3,197.89, while Hong Kong’s Hang Seng lost 2.6% to 21,562.5 points.

Official figures released on September 10 showed China’s consumer price index (CPI) unexpectedly rose to 2% in August from a year ago marking a one-year high.

The rise was due to higher food prices. Pork prices, which weigh heavily on consumer prices in China, rose from 16.7% last year to 19.6% in August.

China’s producer price index (PPI) fell 5.9% – marking its 42nd consecutive month of declines – and the biggest drop since 2009.

The one bright spot in Asia was South Korea’s Kospi which closed up 0.7% to 1,947.30 points.

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According to latest figures, the sales of Rolls-Royce luxury cars have been affected by a fall in demand in China.

Rolls-Royce CEO Torsten Muller-Otvos said the turnaround in the market had been unexpectedly fast.

“We have been surprised by the speed of development in the Chinese market in a completely different direction,” he said.Rolls Royce China market

Chinese buyers have been affected by the slump in the stock market, slower growth and a corruption clamp-down.

However, Torsten Muller-Otvos played down fears that recent events in China would last long, forecasting that sales there would recover in the next two years.

“China has never been our number one market. Our number one market is the United States and due to the fact we are properly balanced we can cope with some of the downturn in China,” he explained.

According to latest trade figures, China’s August imports fell 14.3% in yuan-denominated terms from a year ago, while exports fell by 6.1%.

The steep fall in the value of imports reflects lower commodity prices globally, particularly crude oil.

The numbers mean China’s monthly trade surplus expanded by close to 40% from the month earlier to 368 billion yuan ($57.8 billion).China imports August 2015

China recently revised down its 2014 economic growth from 7.4% to 7.3%, its weakest for almost 25 years.

In US dollar denominated terms, exports for the month of August fell 5.5% from a year earlier – slightly less than expected – while imports fell by 13.8%, leaving China with a surplus of $60.24 billion.

Currency conversion factors based on US dollar and Chinese yuan movements over the last year mean some official numbers from the mainland are now reported in both currencies.

A fall in both import and export figures had been expected as China’s economy slows, though analysts said the drop in imports was greater than forecast.

China stock market recovered some ground on September 2, with the main share index, the Shanghai Composite, recovering from early losses.

The SSE Composite index came back from a 4% fall to close 0.2% down at 3,160 points.

Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index closed 1.2% down at 20,934.

On September 1, data suggesting China’s manufacturing sector was shrinking at its fastest pace in three years ignited a global market sell-off, resulting in US stocks closing down nearly 3%.

Chinese markets will be closed on September 3 and 4 for a holiday to commemorate the end of World War Two.

Wu Kan, a Shanghai-based fund manager at JK Life Insurance, told AFP that Beijing appeared to have been buying shares over recent days in an effort to support the market.China stock market September 2015

“But investors have lost confidence… the correction isn’t over yet,” he said.

Mainland Chinese stocks have lost nearly 40% of their value since June, despite attempts by the government and regulators to prop up the market.

Meanwhile, data showing US factory activity fell to a more than two-year low in August added to the already grim sentiment among investors.

The price of US crude oil also fell sharply – down 8% in New York overnight.

Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 index closed up 0.4% to 18,095.40 after leading the region’s losses in the previous session, down nearly 4%.

Australian shares closed up despite economic growth figures for Q2 2015 coming in below expectations.

The economy expanded 0.2% from the previous quarter and was up 2% compared with the same period last year.

Economists were expecting quarterly growth of 0.4% while the annual rate was forecast to be up 2.2%.

The S&P/ASX 200 was up 0.1% to 5,101.50 points – reversing earlier losses.

In South Korea, shares closed up despite government data showing that exports fell 4.3% in July, while imports rose 0.7%.

That led the current account surplus to fall to $9.5 billion in seasonally adjusted terms from a record high of $10.7 billion in June.

The benchmark Kospi index was higher by 0.05% to 1,915.22.

Asian shares continued to fall on September 2, with Shanghai opening down more than 4% amid continuing worries about China’s growth.

On September 1, data suggesting China’s manufacturing sector was shrinking at its fastest pace in three years ignited a global market sell-off, resulting in US stocks closing down nearly 3%.

The Shanghai Composite recovered some ground to trade down 3.6% to 3,054.17.

Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index was lower by 1.7% to 20,818.22 in early trade.

Chinese markets will close at the end of September 2 for a two-day holiday to commemorate the end of World War Two.Asian markets react to China economic data 2015

Mainland Chinese stocks have lost nearly 40% of their value since June, despite attempts by the government and regulators to prop up the market.

Meanwhile, data showing US factory activity fell to a more than two-year low in August added to the already grim sentiment among investors.

Crude oil futures also continued downwards after an 8% fall in US trade, amid concerns about slowing demand from China.

Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 index was up 0.8% to 18,296.67 after leading the region’s losses in the previous session, down nearly 4%.

Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 was lower by 1.2% at 5,036.60 points as economic growth figures for the second quarter came in below expectations.

The economy expanded 0.2% from the previous quarter and was up 2% compared with the same period last year.

Economists were expecting quarterly growth of 0.4% while the annual rate was forecast to be up 2.2%.

In South Korea, shares were also lower after government data showed exports fell 4.3% in July, while imports rose 0.7%.

That led the current account surplus to fall to $9.5 billion in seasonally adjusted terms from a record high of $10.7 billion in June.

South Korea’s benchmark Kospi index was down 0.3% at 1,908.50.

Global stock markets have been hit by renewed fears over China’s economic growth, with the main indexes falling sharply.

Wall Street traded sharply lower, with the Dow Jones down more than 300 points, or 1.9%, at 16,215.

European markets also fell, with the London’s FTSE 100 closing down 3% and France’s CAC 40 and Germany’s DAX about 2.4% lower.

Earlier, figures for August showed China’s manufacturing contracted at its fastest pace in three years.World stocks crash 2015

The official manufacturing purchasing managers’ index (PMI) dropped to 49.7 from 50 in July. A figure below 50 indicates contraction.

It follows recent turmoil in the markets sparked by concerns over a slowdown in the world’s second-largest economy.

Energy companies led the way down on the Dow, with Chevron and Exxon Mobil down about 3%. This followed a fall in the oil price, which was down more than 4% at $51.89.

Before Tuesday’s fall, the price of oil had risen by about 25% in the past three trading sessions.

The S&P 500 was also down about 2% at 1,934.18, while the tech-heavy NASDAQ was 1.6% lower at 4,699.21.

Global markets sustained heavy losses in August – for both the UK’s FTSE 100 and the US’s S&P 500, it was the worst month since May 2012.

As well as the weak China factory data, investors are unsure about the US Federal Reserve’s next move. Many had penciled in the a rate rise – the first move since the financial crisis – for September. However, given the recent stock turmoil, analysts seem less certain.

China’s stock market has continued its recent slide after fresh data provided further evidence of a slowdown in the country’s economy.

According to an official survey, China’s manufacturing activity contracted at its fastest pace in three years in August.

As a result, the mainland’s benchmark Shanghai Composite share index fell by 1.2% to 3,166.62.

In Hong Kong, the Hang Seng index dropped 2.2% to 21,185.43.

The slowing of the world’s second largest economy and the extreme volatility on the mainland stock markets have weighed on global equities over the past few weeks.

Chinese mainland stocks have been on a steep downward slide over the past few months, shedding almost 40% since June.China manufacturing

Any fresh indication that China’s woes are set to continue is likely to frustrate Beijing’s attempts to reassure traders and stabilize the Shanghai and Shenzhen markets.

Chinese authorities have injected money into the markets, allowed the state pension fund to start buying up shares and lowered lending rates.

So far though, none of those measures have managed to push the markets back into positive territory.

China has also cracked down on people accused of spreading online “rumors”, and who the authorities say have been “destabilizing the market”.

Shares were also lower elsewhere in Asia. Japan’s benchmark Nikkei 225 index saw the region’s biggest losses, closing the day down 3.8% at 18,165.69.

Australia’s S&P/ASX 200 ended 2.1% lower at 5,097.40.

Traders in Sydney were cautious as any slump in China is likely to have an effect on Australia, which relies on the country as its main export destination.

The decision by Australia’s central bank not to cut interest rates also contributed to the downbeat mood.

In South Korea, the benchmark Kospi index also fell, dropping 1.4% to 1,914.23.

Affected by the slowdown in China, Seoul reported on September 1 that exports fell 14.7% in August from a year earlier, worse than expected and the biggest drop in six years.

According to fresh economic data, the Chinese factory activity contracted at its fastest pace in three years in August, confirming the slowdown in the country’s economy.

The official manufacturing purchasing managers’ index (PMI) dropped to 49.7 from 50 in July.

A figure below 50 indicates contraction.

The weak data is likely to add to global concerns over China’s economy losing steam and could send Asian and global shares down further.Chinese factory data August 2015

A separate private Caixin/Markit index also released on Tuesday puts the PMI number even weaker, at 47.3, the weakest reading since 2009.

The fresh economic data is also likely to undermine efforts by Beijing to reassure investors and calm markets.

Chinese mainland stocks have been on a steep downward slope over the past months, shedding almost 40% since June.

Authorities have injected money into the markets, allowed the state pension fund to start buying up shares and lowered lending rates.

So far though, none of those measures have managed to push the markets back into positive territory and analysts have warned that the more Beijing’s intervention fails to have an impact, the more likely it is that future ones will be shrugged off by investors.