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Kathryn R. Bown

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Kathryn - Our health specialist likes to share with the readers the latest news from the field. Nobody understands better than her the relation between healthy mind and healthy body.


The children of increasingly younger ages are protagonists in the phenomenon of mobile connectivity. From two or three years old, they begin to lean out on their parents’ phones and to manage theses devices regularly, becoming familiar with their functionalities almost before being able to speak clearly, or to learn to read. This fluid handling usually makes us very funny in such small children, but we should not let them relate to these devices in an uncontrolled way. To make the use positive and the main way to prevent misuse or risk behaviors that can lead to future problems is to get involved in this technology education from the beginning. The key is as much in knowing how to orient the learning, as in not radically prohibiting it.

When to buy your kid their first mobile phone?

The children at a very younger age see mobile phone as a toy that they use to play games, to paint or color, and even watch videos of cartoons. However, as they grow, this playful use gives way to other functions. The phone becomes a device to communicate with. Therefore, the main use of the telephone is to be in contact with parents and, above all, with friends. To have a mobile phone is to belong to the group. The child sees that everyone around him has it and begins to ask for his own terminal, each time at younger ages. Thus, parents suffer emotional blackmail, coupled with some social pressure.

So, when should we buy our kids their first mobile phone? Well, there is no specific age, but you have to look at each case, at the maturity of each child, and at the specific circumstances of your lifestyle that make them need this device. And it is that at certain ages it can be relatively useful, but it is not really necessary. What we should make clear to our kids from the first moment is that the main function of the telephone is communication, and that is why it is advisable to have it.

In this sense, experts recommend that children do not have their own phone before age 12. From this age, they sharpen their need for independence and already spend more time away from us. In addition, access to a new stage in school, Secondary Education, and this is a big change for them. It is now a good time for them to begin to take on responsibilities such as those involved in having their own mobile phone.


To the parents, the device will serve us to be in continuous contact with them, to have them located, and to be able to control their exits. All this becomes possible with the use of the parental controls app such as FamilyTime parental control app that let parents view contact, call history, SMS threads, installed apps, app preferences, app usage frequency, web history and much more. In addition to supervising, parents can also take needed actions.

For example, with the app, parents can watchlist contacts, block unwanted or inappropriate apps, schedule auto screen locks and remotely lock devices, etc.  There is a lot more parents can do with this app in hand. Dp you wish to give the app a try for free? You can! Get the trial version with premium features from the Google Play store and iTunes.

More than 12 million boxes of Lactalis baby formula have now been recalled in 83 countries in a salmonella scandal involving the French company.

Lactalis CEO Emmanuel Besnier confirmed the extent of the contamination risk to French media.

The dairy products have been subject to a recall since December, after salmonella bacteria was discovered at a factory.

Lawsuits have been filed by parents who say their children became unwell after drinking the formula.

According to the company, all the countries affected had been informed, in Europe, Asia, Latin America and Africa. However, the UK, US and Australia were not affected.

The Lactalis group is one of the world’s largest producers of dairy products, with annual sales of €17 billion ($21 billion). It has 246 production sites in 47 countries and employs 15,000 people in France alone.

Up to now, Lactalis has issued three recalls which cover its Picot, Milumel and Taranis brands.

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According to specialists, salmonella can cause severe diarrhea, stomach cramps, vomiting, and severe dehydration. It can be life-threatening, especially in young children.

So far 35 cases have been reported in France and another one has been confirmed in Spain.

Another possible case is being investigated in Greece, French authorities said on January 12.

In an exclusive interview in French newspaper Journal du Dimanche, Lactalis chief executive Emmanuel Besnier denied the company had attempted to hide the outbreak at the plant.

He said: “There are complaints and there will be an investigation with which we will fully collaborate.”

Emmanuel Besnier also promised Lactalis would compensate any families affected.

The company has said they believe the contamination was caused by renovation work at their Celia factory in Craon, in north-west France.

France’s agriculture minister said products from the factory will be banned indefinitely whilst the investigation is still ongoing.

The government has warned Lactalis it must expect penalties over its handling of the affair.

On January 11, the government also threatened to impose sanctions against retailers, after it emerged that several major supermarket chains had continued to sell products that could have been contaminated.

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Let’s start with the bad news first: pore size is genetically determined, and some people may have larger-looking pores than others. The idea that you can shrink your pores is, unfortunately, nothing but a really prevalent myth. The good news is that you absolutely can minimize their appearance. Here are tips to help you do just that:

  1. Keep your skin clean.

Enlarged pores are caused by a number of factors. Most commonly, they may physically expand as a result of being clogged with sebum, dirt, or a nasty combination of both. These clogs may present themselves as unsightly blackheads or turn into full-fledged pimples.

Keeping your skin clean is your first line of defense against ugly breakouts and blemishes. Use a pH-balanced facial cleanser that doesn’t dry your skin out. You can also look for cleansers with charcoal that possesses the ability to bind with the grime and oil on your face. This ingredient lifts the gunk from the surface of your skin, allowing it to be rinsed away easily.

  1. Invest in a clay mask.

Clay masks are an effective oil control solution, and their effects can last for days. Since excess oil production is one of the most common causes of enlarged pores, investing in a product that will absorb it can only be in your best interests. Laneige’s Mini Pore Waterclay Mask is made with natural mineral mud from the Yellow Sea and mint water which effectively unclogs the pores and de-slicks the surface of the skin. This combination clears your skin of impurities, helps reduce shine, and refines the overall appearance of pores.

Image source Flickr

  1. Make a habit of exfoliation.

Manual extraction is still the best way to clean pores effectively. But if you can’t make regular appointments with your aesthetician, the next best thing is to exfoliate regularly at home. Slough off the surface layer of your skin with a combination of physical and chemical exfoliation. You can use a facial brush with your favorite cleanser, or look into scrubs to mechanically resurface your skin. If you’re after the benefits of chemical exfoliation, look into exfoliants that contain beta hydroxy acids (BHAs). BHAs effectively provide oil control and reduce the bacteria that cause acne.

  1. Anti-aging is for all ages.

As we age, our skin produces less collagen and elastin, which results in sagging, less firm skin. The sagging, in particular, contributes to pores appearing larger. Pores normally have a circular shape, but sagging causes them to shift into a droopy teardrop that is much more visible to the eye.

Combat the signs of aging with retinol and retinoid products, which can be used on the face underneath your favorite moisturizer. Retinol is an anti-aging ingredient that is well-known for fighting wrinkles and encouraging the production of collagen. This ingredient also helps clean out pores and decrease the size of oil glands, which in turn lessens oil production. What do all these mean for your skin? Firmer skin returns pores to the shape they’re meant to be, making them tighter and giving them a much smaller appearance.

  1. Finally, don’t forget the sunscreen.

Sun damage is one of the major causes of premature skin aging and dullness. That’s because harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun break up the collagen in your skin, which is what keeps it tight and your pores small. Invest in a daily sunscreen lotion or cream that can protect your skin from those harsh rays. Anything with a high SPF and broad spectrum should serve your needs fine.

Reducing your normal pore size might be an impossible task, but it’s always possible to keep your pores from growing bigger. Follow these 5 tips and you’ll not only minimize their appearance, you’ll also get healthier skin in the process.

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Learn some useful tips for healthy eating for students

Sometimes all that essay writing and all the other assignments keep you so busy that you don’t even have time to eat properly. No wonder that after a few years in school students get digestion issues along with their education certificates. Here are some useful tips that may help you to make sure your diet is healthy, even when your workload is far from that.

So what are the main reasons why it’s hard for students to keep a healthy diet?

  1. Lack of free time
    On the average, you’ll need around 1 – 1,5 hours to cook a proper meal. You’ll probably say that it’s a luxury you just can’t afford – and you’ll be absolutely right. If your schedule is stuffed, one task to complete after another, it’s extremely hard to find as much as an hour of free time. Usually, there are so many things to do students try to do a few things at the same time (like wolfing down some fast food, working on essay topics and answering important emails, all at once).

The only way out of the situation is eating some convenience food or going to fast food restaurants. Needless to say, this kind of food is not the healthiest. Try to eat at least three times a day and avoid grabbing snacks in between your meals.

  1. Lack of money
    Many students just don’t have enough money to buy all ingredients for healthy meals. And it’s not that they are constantly cash-strapped. It’s just that more often than not, young people think they can spend their money on some “more useful” things than quality food (whether it’s a Prada handbag or a custom essay that saves you from trouble). Sounds familiar? Remember: by buying quality food products you invest in your future well-being. So spend money wisely and buy healthy foods.
  2. Downright laziness
    This is maybe one of the main reasons why students keep a not so healthy lifestyle. It’s just that when your workload is overwhelming, you get tired to much that the last thing you want to do is spend time cooking a healthy meal.

    Image source Flickr

Useful tips: how to improve your diet

Tip 1: Learn to cook healthy food

Yes, anyone can cook eggs or warm some canned soup in a microwave. But something like roast chicken and potatoes may seem like mission impossible for many. So how can you improve your cooking skills? Well, there are lots of websites and YouTube video channels that can teach you how to cook healthy and easy meals. Ask your moms and grannies about some cooking secrets. Odds are, you’ll find that cooking is not as hard as you think. It can even be a lot of fun!

Try to experiment. Memorize (or write down) some simple recipes that will help you when you don’t have much time. You can keep ingredients for your meals prepared and packaged in your fridge so you could cook them quickly without spending much time on preparation. You’ll see that very soon you’ll get a knack of it and kill two birds with one stone: keep your diet healthy and do some quality essay writing.

Tip 2: Cook your meals in advance

If you don’t have much time for cooking after your classes are over, learn to cook in advance, for a few days ahead. Isn’t it great to come home tired and hungry, warm some food you’ve cooked a day before and eat without having to hurry anywhere? And it won’t be some low quality convenience food, but your own home cooking!

Tip 3: Take turns to cook

If you live with roommates, it’s probably they have the same diet issues you do. So wouldn’t it be easier to combine your efforts in order to solve your eating issues? Do a sort of a brainstorming session and think of a cooking schedule that will benefit you all. If you take turns cooking healthy homemade food, this will significantly improve your diet and allow you to forget about the lack of time issue. Besides, it will let you save some money too (remember, you might need it for that essay writing service).

Eat healthy, stay healthy – it’s quite possible, even if you are the most diligent student ever.

 

Rebecca Bredow, a mother-of-two from Michigan, has been sentenced to seven days in jail after she refused a judge’s order to have her son vaccinated.

The woman would not let her 9-year-old boy be immunized after initially agreeing with the father to do so.

Rebecca Bredow’s ex-husband has now been awarded temporary primary custody in order to get the boy the jab.

Michigan parents are legally allowed to skip or delay their children’s vaccinations due to personal beliefs.

However, Rebecca Bredow fell foul of the law because she reneged on agreements with her former spouse dating back to November 2016 to have the boy immunized.

On October 4, she was sentenced for contempt of court after flouting a court order last week to have her son vaccinated.

Image source ABC News

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Rebecca Bredow and her ex-husband decided at the time of their child’s birth that they would space out and delay jabs for their son.

The couple separated in 2008, according to ABC News, but they shared parental custody and the father still wanted the boy vaccinated.

Oakland County Court Judge Karen McDonald said that even though Rebecca Bredow was the child’s primary caregiver: “Dad gets a say.”

Rebecca Bredow, from the Detroit suburb of Ferndale, said in court on October 4: “I am an educated vaccine-choice mother.”

She argued that to immunize her son “goes against my beliefs”.

“I would rather sit behind bars standing up for what I believe in, than giving in to something I strongly don’t believe in,” she added.

Anti-vaccination advocates – whose claims have been widely debunked by the medical community – fear the procedure exposes children to harm, and could be the cause of autism.

According to Mlive, child immunization rates in Michigan are among the worst in the nation, ranking 43rd among the 50 US states.

The federal government does not legislate child immunization, only issuing recommendations while leaving requirements to states or local school districts.

If a parent does not comply with a school’s vaccination guidelines, the child is not permitted to attend school and the parent can be jailed for the pupil’s truancy.

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Getting a cochlear implant (CI) helps deaf people improve their hearing. The surgery is not meant to restore your sense of hearing, but to improve it so you can have a simpler life experience. A team of professionals will assess your condition and decide whether or not the procedure will be suitable for you. Also, they will advise you on what to expect.

The procedure involves the implanting of electrical devices that convert sound to electrical stimulation. That way, a deaf person can have the sensation of hearing. The procedure has been highly controversial, although it still comes with its advantages.

How do the Implants Work?

The cochlear is the inner part of the ear and is filled with fluid. It also has small hairs that move in response to sound waves.

Each of these hairs responds to sounds at specific frequencies, and the signals are transferred to the brain for interpretation. Deaf people have this system damaged, but the implants work similarly. The surgery will involve the insertion of a small sound processor that converts noises to digital stimulations.

The converted signals are then sent to a cochlear in which many electrodes have been implanted in the place of the tiny hairs. Each of these electrodes will respond to specific sound frequencies, and the results are interpreted in the brain.

Pros of undergoing a CI Surgery

1) Improves your Hearing

Once you find a doctor, you will be advised on how effective the implants will be. Cochlear Implants improve your hearing, even though they don’t fix it completely. In an environment with little noise, you will enjoy communicating with people without necessarily having to use sign language. In addition to the implants, reading lips will make communication easier.

2) Helps to Prevent Danger

Sounds in nature, on the streets, and even at home help to signal danger. For example, a car coming towards you will honk in an attempt to get your attention. With the implants, you will stand a better chance of getting the signal and potentially save your life.

3) Allows you to enjoy Melodic Sounds

After undergoing a cochlear implant surgery, you will be able to relax to the music of your choice. Sounds in nature will also improve your general life experience.

4) Can give you access to Education

People with complete loss of hearing have limited opportunities in education and even at work. Many schools will charge you a lot more if you are deaf since the condition warrants special attention.

5) Can allow you greater Employment Opportunities

Some employment opportunities may not suit deaf people well since the condition might affect their performance in the given roles. Some improvement in your hearing will, therefore, allow you to live a complete life with more opportunities.

Cons of undergoing CI Surgery

1) Does not work for Everybody

The procedure is not recommended for people who were born deaf since they will find it harder to find the meaning of different sounds.

However, it still does not work well for everyone who became deaf at some point in their lives. It is still hard for doctors to predict the success of their procedures. Some work incredibly well, while others become almost useless. That said, most of the procedures have been successful.

2) It might make People forget about your Condition

Some people will imagine that your condition is gone and that you are now normal, just because you got a CI surgery. That will affect your interactions and general life experience since they will stop making efforts in effectively getting messages across to you. In fact, many patients can only get the sound signals in silent rooms.

3) Is very Expensive

Cochlear Implants are very expensive and are well beyond what most people can afford. There is also a good chance that the implants will be a disappointment and all your money will go to waste.

Also, you will need to continuously change the batteries, replace the wires, and cater to many maintenance costs. It is worth noting that some insurance programs cover the cost of the surgery.

4) The Technology is still underdeveloped

The technology used in this procedure is quite poor. If there are many background noises, a person with CI will not be able to engage in a conversation. This is because the electrodes can send signals to the brain through the same neural populations.

As a result, a lot of confused interpretation will occur in the brain, therefore, making communication harder. That said, scientists are working on improving the technology, and we should see improvements in the near future.

5) Requires Maintenance

The batteries and wires need to be occasionally changed. You also need to remap the sound processor.

 Conclusion

Sean Forbes is a 35-year old man who makes rap music, despite being deaf. He has been deaf since he was just a few months old, but none of that is stopping him from living his dream.

Cochlear implants are highly controversial among deaf people. The technology has helped many deaf people experience near-normal hearing once again, although the number of unsuccessful procedures is still very high. Ideally, you should go for a cochlear implant surgery if you spent some years of your life with normal hearing.

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According to US scientists, the harmful Zika virus that can cause devastating brain damage in babies could offer up a surprising new treatment for adult brain cancer.

Until now, Zika has been seen only as a global health threat – not a remedy.

However, latest research shows Zika virus can selectively infect and kill hard-to-treat cancerous cells in adult brains.

Zika injections shrank aggressive tumors in fully grown mice, yet left other brain cells unscathed.

Human trials are still a way off, but researchers believe Zika virus could potentially be injected into the brain at the same time as surgery to remove life-threatening tumours, the Journal of Experimental Medicine reports.

The Zika treatment appears to work on human cell samples in the lab.

Image source Wikipedia

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There are many different types of brain cancer. Glioblastomas are the most common in adults and one of the trickiest to treat.

They are fast growing and diffuse, meaning they spread through the brain, making it difficult to see where the tumor ends and the healthy tissue begins.

Radiotherapy, chemotherapy and surgery may not be enough to remove these invasive cancers.

However, the latest research, in living mice and donated human brain tissue samples, shows Zika therapy can kill cells that tend to be resistant to current treatments.

It is thought that these glioblastoma stem cells continue to grow and divide, producing new tumor cells even after aggressive medical treatment.

Different, healthy stem cells are found in abundance in baby brains, which probably explains why regular Zika can be so damaging to infants, say the researchers.

Adult brains, however, have very few stem cells. This means Zika treatment should destroy only the cancer-causing brain stem cells without causing much collateral damage.

As an extra safety precaution, the research team from Washington University School of Medicine and the University of California San Diego School of Medicine has already begun modifying the virus to make it more tame than regular Zika.

Using viruses to fight cancer is not a new idea, but using Zika as the weapon of choice is.

UK scientists at the University of Cambridge are beginning similar trials with Zika.

A camera that can see through the human body has been developed by the scientists at the University of Edinburgh and Heriot-Watt University.

The new device has been designed to help doctors track medical tools, known as endoscopes, during internal examinations.

Until now, doctors have had to rely on expensive scans, such as X-rays, to trace their progress.

The new camera works by detecting light sources inside the body, such as the illuminated tip of the endoscope’s long flexible tube.

Prof. Kev Dhaliwal from the University of Edinburgh said: “It has immense potential for diverse applications, such as the one described in this work.

“The ability to see a device’s location is crucial for many applications in healthcare, as we move forwards with minimally invasive approaches to treating disease.”

Image source MaxPixel

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Early tests have shown the prototype device can track a point light source through 20cm of tissue under normal conditions.

Beams from the endoscope can pass through the body, but usually scatter or bounce off tissues and organs rather than travelling straight through.

That makes it problematic to get a clear picture of where the tool is.

The new camera can detect individual particles, called photons, and is so sensitive it can catch tiny traces of light passing through tissue.

The device can also record the time taken for light to pass through the body, meaning it is able to work out exactly where the endoscope is.

Researchers have developed the new camera so it can be used at the patient’s bedside.

The project is part of the Proteus Interdisciplinary Research Collaboration, which is developing a range of new technologies for diagnosing and treating lung diseases.

Dr. Michael Tanner from Heriot-Watt University said: “My favorite element of this work was the ability to work with clinicians to understand a practical healthcare challenge, then tailor advanced technologies and principles that would not normally make it out of a physics lab to solve real problems.

“I hope we can continue this interdisciplinary approach to make a real difference in healthcare technology.”

The viability of the health care system in the UK has been under fire for some time, with pundits along with patient advocacy groups, citizens, and medical providers all adding to the heated discussion. Each month, it seems new data is published that sheds less than optimistic light on the operations of the NHS, and the latest reports are no exception. In July, details about the success of meeting patient wait time targets was released, highlighting the fact that intended marks have been missed consecutively for the past two years. Accident and emergency units (A&E) throughout the system have failed to meet the 95% target of no more than four hours, leaving between 5 and 10% of patients waiting an extended period to receive the care they need.

Although some argue that patient wait times have improved since targets were introduced, the recent data suggests otherwise. The health care system millions of people depend on each year is under a great amount of pressure from external and internal sources, creating an environment where providing the highest quality patient care, including appropriate wait times, is a challenge. The aging population combined with an increased reliance on emergency units for medical issues ranging from acute to severe means patient wait times may not be realistically lowered in the near future. Other moves within the NHS are also plaguing the success of the health care system throughout the country.

A&E Unit Closures

The missed targets for patient wait times are not the only unsettling news coming from the NHS in recent months. Earlier this year, the closure or downgrade of several emergency units was announced, based on a sustainability and transformation plan set in motion last year. The health care system has been working toward more efficiency in its operations as part of a five-year strategic plan, and a two dozen A&E units are on the chopping block as part of the initiative. This drastic change is meant to force patients to rely less on emergency departments and providers for care that could be managed in a primary care facility, ultimately releasing some of the pressure put on already stretched thin units. Consolidating care facilities is planned by staffing non-emergency facilities with GPs, and tapping into the power of recent technology to provide care options within a patient’s home. Because wait time targets include patients being seen for all varieties of illnesses and injuries, the NHS believes that putting more focus on primary care services will help A&E wait times even as several units close.

Each of these strategies is meant to empower patients to take a closer look at the way they view health care, potentially transitioning the country toward a more preventative mindset. In the process, the hope is that the operating costs of hospitals are reduced which then gives way to adding staff, increasing provider pay, and improving the way patients receive medical treatment when it is needed.

The Risk to Patient Care

Even though the shifts within the NHS and specifically the A&E space come from a good place, many are concerned the heavy focus on cost reduction will do little in the realm of patient care quality. A solicitor from a medical negligence firm that handles several accident and emergency claims each year explains that there are more factors to consider in the debate. In the last year, the rate of bed occupancies has reached an all-time high, and that results in delays across the board. Not only are current patients kept in the hospital longer than necessary due to lack of at-home or social care service availability, new patients in need of diagnosis and treatment are left waiting in the wings. Combining these issues with A&E closures means wait times for patients may not hit intended targets any time in the near future, putting patients’ health and well-being at unnecessary risk.

The rapid aging of the population and the increased number of patients seeking care each year are not easily solved issues for any country’s health care system. But the NHS’ focus on reduction of cost under the guise of improved medical care may not prove beneficial to patients in the long run. The A&E closures and downgrades currently taking place have the potential to help shift the population away from seeking urgent treatment for health issues that are less severe, but only time will tell if this transition will ultimately improve the experience patients have when utilising the health care system.

The number of Yemen cholera cases has passed 300,000 in the past 10 weeks, the International Committee of the Red Cross says.

The situation has continued to “spiral out of control”, with about 7,000 new cases every day, the ICRC warned.

According to the UN, more than 1,700 associated deaths have been reported,.

Yemen’s health, water and sanitation systems are collapsing after two years of conflict between pro-government forces and the rebel Houthi movement.

Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholera.

Most of those infected will have no or mild symptoms but, in severe cases, the disease can kill within hours if left untreated.

Image source Al Jazeera

On June 24, the WHO declared that Yemen was facing “the worst cholera outbreak in the world”, with more than 200,000 suspected cases.

Yemen Cholera Outbreak: Number of Suspected Cases Exceeds 200,000

In just over two weeks, another 100,000 people have been infected – an increase the ICRC’s Middle East regional director Roberto Mardini called “disturbing”.

On July 8, the WHO said that 297,438 cases had been recorded, but the agency was still analyzing the latest figures from the Yemeni health ministry on Monday.

The outbreak has affected all but one of Yemen’s 23 provinces. The four most affected provinces – Sanaa, Hudaydah, Hajja and Amran – have reported almost half of the cases.

UN agencies say the outbreak is the direct consequence of the civil war, with 14.5 million people cut off from regular access to clean water and sanitation.

More than half of health facilities are no longer functioning, with almost 300 having been damaged or destroyed, and some 30,000 local health workers who are key to dealing with the outbreak have not been paid for 10 months.

Rising rates of malnutrition have weakened the health of vulnerable people – above all children under the age of 15 and the elderly – and made them more vulnerable to the disease.

Last week, the UN’s humanitarian co-ordinator in Yemen warned that humanitarian organizations had been forced to divert resources away from combating malnutrition to deal with the cholera outbreak, raising the risk of a famine.

The United Nations has warned that Yemen is now facing the worst cholera outbreak anywhere in the world.

A statement by UNICEF and the WHO says the number of suspected cholera cases in Yemen has exceeded 200,000.

So far more than 1,300 people have died – one quarter of them children – with the death toll expected to rise.

UNICEF and the WHO say they are doing everything they can to stop the outbreak from accelerating.

Image source Al Jazeera

“We are now facing the worst cholera outbreak in the world,” the statement says.

“In just two months, cholera has spread to almost every governorate of this war-torn country,” it says, with an estimated 5,000 new cases every day.

The country’s health, water and sanitation systems are collapsing after two years of war between government forces, backed by a Saudi-led coalition, and the rebel Houthi movement.

The Houthi rebels control much of the country, including the capital Sanaa.

Hospitals are overcrowded and severe food shortages have led to widespread malnutrition, making Yemenis – especially children – even more vulnerable to cholera.

The UN says it is deploying rapid-response teams to go house-to-house telling people how to protect themselves by cleaning and storing drinking water. However, clean water is in short supply.

Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholera.

Most of those infected will have no or mild symptoms but, in severe cases, the disease can kill within hours if left untreated.

The war has left 18.8 million of Yemen’s 28 million people needing humanitarian assistance and almost seven million on the brink of famine.

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A blood test that could pick out which men with advanced prostate cancer would benefit from new drug treatment olaparib has been developed.

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men.

The new test detects cancer DNA in the blood, helping doctors check whether precision drugs are working.

However, larger studies involving more men needed to take place to confirm if doctors could rely on the test.

Blood samples from 49 men with advanced prostate cancer were collected by researchers, as part of the phase II clinical trial of olaparib.

This type of precision drug is seen as the future of cancer medicine but because it is a targeted treatment, the drug does not work for everyone.

Researchers from The Institute of Cancer Research and the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust said the test could help target treatment better and also reduce its side effects.

They used the test to identify men who were not responding to the treatment in 4 to 8 weeks and also to pick up signs that the cancer was evolving and becoming resistant to the drugs.

Prof. Johann de Bono, consultant medical oncologist at the two organizations, said: “From these findings, we were able to develop a powerful, three-in-one test that could in future be used to help doctors select treatment, check whether it is working and monitor the cancer in the longer term.”

“Not only could the test have a major impact on treatment of prostate cancer, but it could also be adapted to open up the possibility of precision medicine to patients with other types of cancer,” he added.

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Scientists from Massachusetts General Hospital have developed a drug that mimics sunlight to make the skin tan, with no damaging UV radiation involved.

According to researchers, the drug tricks the skin into producing the brown form of the pigment melanin in tests on skin samples and mice.

Evidence suggests the drug will work even on redheads, who normally just burn in the sun.

The team hopes the discovery could prevent skin cancer and even slow the appearance of ageing.

UV light makes the skin tan by causing damage.

Image source Pexels

This kicks off a chain of chemical reactions in the skin that ultimately leads to dark melanin – the body’s natural sun block – being made.

The drug is rubbed into the skin to skip the damage and kick-start the process of making melanin.

It is a markedly different approach to fake tan, which “paints” the skin without the protection from melanin, sun beds, which expose the skin to UV light or pills that claim to boost melanin production but still need UV light.

However, the team is not motivated by making a new cosmetic.

Tests, detailed in the journal Cell Reports, have shown the melanin produced by the drug was able to block harmful UV rays.

Eventually the scientists want to combine their drug with sun-cream to give maximum protection from solar radiation.

The way the drug works could also allow a ginger tan, as the genetic mutation that causes red hair and fair skin disrupts the normal process where UV light leads to dark melanin.

It is not yet clear if the drug might have the unintended consequence of affecting the glorious hair color, but it is thought the hair follicle is too deep in the skin for the drug to reach.

Anyway, whether you are ginger, blonde or brunette, the drug is not yet ready for commercial use.

The botulism outbreak in Sacramento, California, that left nine people hospitalized has been linked to cheese sauce sold on nacho crisps at a family-run petrol station.

Health officials have stopped Valley Oak Food and Fuel selling food.

Cases of botulism, a rare and sometimes fatal form of food poisoning, were first reported on May 5 and in total nine people are confirmed to have it.

Image source CBS News

One of the victims is reportedly so ill she cannot speak or keep her eyes open.

Dr. Oliva Kasirye of the Sacramento County Public Health Department told reporters that preliminary testing showed the cheese was carrying botulism.

The family of one of the affected patients has already filed a lawsuit against the petrol station, claiming neglect.

Botulism poisoning is caused by toxins released by a type of bacteria called Clostridium botulinum.

Human digestive processes cannot break down the toxic chemical, which moves to the nervous system. Symptoms emerge in adults 18-36 hours after eating contaminated food.

In this case, it is thought the nacho cheese sauce may have been canned. Tinned food is a risk for botulism because the bacterium grows best when there is no oxygen around.

In adults, symptoms – including difficulty walking or swallowing, impaired vision and potential convulsions or paralysis – will emerge between 18 and 36 hours after eating the contaminated food.

Depending on how quickly botulism is detected and how much of the bacterium has been swallowed, botulism may be treated with an anti-toxin drug.

An Ebola outbreak has been declared in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the World Health Organization (WHO) announces.

At least one person has died after contracting the Ebola virus in the DR Congo’s north-east, the WHO says.

Local health ministry had notified the WHO of a “lab-confirmed case” of Ebola, the WHO said on Twitter.

More than 11,000 people died in the Ebola outbreak in West Africa between 2014 and 2015, mainly in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

The last outbreak of Ebola in the DR Congo was in 2014 and killed 42 people.

The case was confirmed from tests on nine people who came down with a hemorrhagic fever on or after April 22 in Bas-Uele province in the country’s far north, a health ministry statement said.

WHO Congo spokesman Eric Kabambi told Reuters: “It is in a very remote zone, very forested, so we are a little lucky. Bu we always take this very seriously.”

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The world’s heaviest woman has lost 550lbs (250kg) after bariatric surgery in an Indian hospital.

Eman Abd El Aty’s family said she originally weighed 1,100lbs – and was unable to leave her home for 25 years.

The Egyptian underwent bariatric surgery at Mumbai’s Saifee hospital two months ago.

The hospital said Eman Abd El Aty could now fit into a wheelchair and sit up for longer periods of time.

The surgery was performed by a team of doctors led by bariatric surgeon Dr. Muffazal Lakdawala.

The hospital has released new pictures of Eman Abd El Aty following weight reduction surgery.

Image source Twitter

Bariatric surgery, also known as weight loss surgery, is used as a last resort to treat people who are dangerously obese (having a BMI of 40 or above, or 35 with other obesity-related health conditions).

Dr. Muffazal Lakdawala said in a statement that Eman Abd El Aty continued to “rapidly” lose weight, but added that a stroke she had suffered as a child meant that she was still paralyzed on one side of her body and continued to suffer convulsions. She also has difficulty speaking and swallowing.

The statement added that the hospital was now waiting for Eman Abd El Aty to lose enough weight for her to be able to fit inside a CT scan machine to ascertain the cause of her stroke.

Dr. Muffazal Lakdawala said the next stage of her treatment involved putting her on a trial drug for obesity after six months. The hospital is currently attempting to procure the drug from a US based pharmaceutical company.

Eman Abd El Aty’s family says she weighed 11lb at birth and was diagnosed with elephantiasis, a condition in which body parts swell due to a parasitic infection.

By the time she was 11, her weight had risen sharply and she suffered a stroke which left her bedridden.

Eman Abd El Aty is cared for by her mother and sister.

Her weight loss means she may no longer be the heaviest woman alive.

The Guinness world records says the heaviest woman living is American Pauline Potter, who weighed 293.6 kg (643 lbs) when measured in July 2012.

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Cutting out or reducing dairy food could be a “ticking time bomb” for young people’s bone health, UK’s National Osteoporosis Society (NOS) is warning.

A NOS survey found a fifth of under 25s are eliminating or reducing dairy in their diet.

The society said it was concerned many young adults were putting their health at risk by following eating fads.

Cutting out milk products entirely can be harmful unless the missed nutrients are replaced, it says.

The society surveyed 2,000 adults, including 239 under the age of 25 and 339 aged 25-35.

Almost 70% of those aged 18-35 year olds were currently or had previously been dieting.

Image source Flickr

One in five 18-25-year-olds said they had cut out or significantly reduced dairy in their diet, although the survey did not find out why.

Milk and dairy food, such as cheese and yoghurt, are important sources of calcium for strong bones.

The survey suggests that many young people seek dietary advice from bloggers and vloggers on the internet.

Although some of this advice can be good, it’s concerned some people become too restrictive about what they eat.

Dairy products are the main source of calcium – for example, milk, cheese and yoghurt.

Cow’s milk is the best source, but soya and almond milk may also contain calcium if they are fortified.

Skimmed and semi-skimmed milk contain more calcium than full fat cow’s milk.

Vegetables, nuts, seeds, boney fish and white flour products also contain calcium.

Choose low-fat cheese and yoghurt to cut down on fat intake, although crisps and biscuits contain much more fat.

For adults, 700mg of calcium per day is recommended but boys and girls between 11 and 18 need up to 1000mg.

According to experts, recommended levels can be achieved by eating three portions of dairy a day, such as cereal with milk, a yoghurt and a small chunk of cheddar cheese.

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Researchers believe they have found a way to treat and perhaps reverse Parkinson’s disease, by making replacement cells to mend the damaged brain.

They say human brain cells can be coaxed to take over the job of the ones that are destroyed in Parkinson’s.

Tests in mice with Parkinson-like symptoms showed that the therapy appeared to ease the condition.

However, many more studies are needed before similar tests can begin in people.

Scientists say the research published in Nature Biotechnology is hugely promising, although at a very early stage.

They still have to check if the treatment is safe, and whether the converted cells, which started out in life as astrocytes, can truly function like the dopamine-producing neurons lost in Parkinson’s.

Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder and the most common movement disorder

People with Parkinson’s lack enough dopamine because some of the brain cells that make it have died.

It is not known what kills the cells, but this loss causes debilitating symptoms, such as tremor and difficulty in walking and moving.

Doctors can prescribe drugs to help manage the symptoms, but cannot treat the cause.

Researchers have been looking for ways to replace the damaged dopamine neurons by injecting new ones into the brain.

However, the international team who carried out the latest work used a different approach that does not require a cell transplant.

They used a cocktail of small molecules to reprogram cells already present in the brain.

When they mixed a sample of human astrocytes with the cocktail in their laboratory, they produced cells that closely resembled dopamine neurons, although not a perfect match.

Next, they gave the same cocktail to sick mice.

The treatment appeared to work, reprogramming their brain cells and lessening their Parkinson’s symptoms.

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Eman Ahmed Abd El Aty, a 36-year-old Egyptian woman believed to be the world’s heaviest at 1,100lb, has undergone weight loss surgery at an Indian hospital.

A spokesperson at Mumbai’s Saifee Hospital said the patient had already lost 220lb since arriving in India in January.

The hospital said in a statement: “We are trying to get her fit enough to fly back to Egypt as soon as possible.”

Eman Ahmed Abd El Aty’s family said she had not left her house for 25 years until she came to Mumbai on a chartered plane.

Image source Twitter

The surgery was performed by a team of doctors led by bariatric surgeon, Dr. Muffazal Lakdawala.

Bariatric surgery, also known as weight loss surgery, is used as a last resort to treat people who are dangerously obese (having a BMI of 40 or above or 35 plus other obesity-related health conditions).

Eman Abd El Aty’s family says she weighed 11lb at birth and was diagnosed with elephantiasis, a condition in which body parts swell due to a parasitic infection.

By the time she was 11, her weight had risen sharply and she suffered a stroke which left her bedridden.

She is cared for by her mother and sister.

Bariatric surgery, also known as weight loss surgery, is used as a last resort to treat people who are dangerously obese and carrying an excessive amount of body fat.

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A new study, published in the journal Cell, showed that the pancreas can be triggered to regenerate itself through a type of fasting diet.

Restoring the function of the pancreas – which helps control blood sugar levels – reversed symptoms of diabetes in animal experiments.

According to the American researchers, the diet reboots the body.

Experts said the findings were “potentially very exciting” as they could become a new treatment for the disease.

People are advised not to try this without medical advice.

In the experiments, mice were put on a modified form of the “fasting-mimicking diet”.

It is like the human form of the diet when people spend five days on a low calorie, low protein, low carbohydrate but high unsaturated-fat diet.

It resembles a vegan diet with nuts and soups, but with around 800 to 1,100 calories a day.

Image source Wikimedia

Then they have 25 days eating what they want – so overall it mimics periods of feast and famine.

Previous research has suggested it can slow the pace of ageing.

However, animal experiments showed the diet regenerated a special type of cell in the pancreas called a beta cell.

These are the cells that detect sugar in the blood and release the hormone insulin if it gets too high.

Dr. Valter Longo, from the University of Southern California, said: “Our conclusion is that by pushing the mice into an extreme state and then bringing them back – by starving them and then feeding them again – the cells in the pancreas are triggered to use some kind of developmental reprogramming that rebuilds the part of the organ that’s no longer functioning.”

There were benefits in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes in the mouse experiments.

Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune system destroying beta cells and type 2 is largely caused by lifestyle and the body no longer responding to insulin.

Further tests on tissue samples from people with type 1 diabetes produced similar effects.

Dr. Valter Longo said: “Medically, these findings have the potential to be very important because we’ve shown – at least in mouse models – that you can use diet to reverse the symptoms of diabetes.

“Scientifically, the findings are perhaps even more important because we’ve shown that you can use diet to reprogram cells without having to make any genetic alterations.”

Separate trials of the diet in people have been shown to improve blood sugar levels. The latest findings help to explain why.

However, Dr. Valter Longo said people should not rush off and crash diet.

He said people could “get into trouble” with their health if it was done without medical guidance.

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A recent study published by Lancet suggests that South Korean women will be the first in the world to have an average life expectancy above 90.

The WHO and Imperial College London study analyzed life spans in 35 industrialized countries.

It predicted all would see people living longer in 2030 and the gap between men and women would start to close in most countries.

The researchers said the findings posed big challenges for pensions and care for elderly people.

The data also forecasts that Japan, once the picture of longevity, will tumble down the global rankings.

Image source Max Pixel

Japan currently has the highest life expectancy for women, but will be overtaken by both South Korea and France, the study suggests. Meanwhile, male life expectancy will go from the fourth highest to 11th out of the countries studied.

The US also performs poorly and is on course to have the lowest life expectancy of rich countries by 2030.

The study predicts an average age of 80 for men and 83 for women – roughly the same state Mexico and Croatia will have achieved.

The US will be overtaken by Chile, where women born in 2030 will expect to live for 87 years and men for 81.

The study also shows the gap in life expectancy between women and men is closing.

Much of the increases are due to improvements for the over-65s rather than reductions in deaths during childhood.

The study made the projections in a similar way to the methods used by meteorologists to forecast the weather.

It combined 21 separate mathematical models that analyzed past trends to make projections into the future.

This approach indirectly takes account of all the different factors – smoking rates, medical advances, obesity patterns – that are changing life expectancy.

The study assumes countries continue to progress as they are, so exceptional, unpredictable events equivalent to the fall of the Soviet Union, or huge breakthroughs like a vaccine for all cancer, would massively alter the forecasts.

Brazil is facing its largest yellow fever outbreak since 2000 and the health ministry has ordered 11.5 million doses of vaccine.

Up to now, 70 cases – including 40 deaths – are confirmed, mostly in rural areas of the state of Minas Gerais. More than 300 cases are under investigation.

Vaccinations are being recommended for people travelling to Minas and other areas with confirmed cases.

Yellow fever is a potentially fatal disease transmitted by mosquitoes.

Most of the country is considered at risk from yellow fever but Brazil has only seen a handful of cases in recent years.

The governor of Minas Gerais has declared a 180-day state of emergency.

There have also been three confirmed cases in Sao Paulo, Brazil’s most populous state, and one each in Espiritu Santo and Bahia, which both neighbor Minas.

Around 5.5 million vaccine doses have already been sent to five states that have confirmed cases or are at risk. The other 6 million ordered will arrive soon.

It is not clear what has caused the rise in cases.

A new research has showed that babies build knowledge about the language they hear even in the first few months of life.

The research is published in the journal, Royal Society Open Science.

According to the study, if you move countries and forget your birth language, you retain this hidden ability.

Dutch-speaking adults adopted from South Korea exceeded expectations at Korean pronunciation when retrained after losing their birth language.

Scientists say parents should talk to babies as much as possible in early life.

Dr. Jiyoun Choi of Hanyang University in Seoul led the research.

Image source freegreatpicture.com

The study is the first to show that the early experience of adopted children in their birth language gives them an advantage decades later even if they think it is forgotten, she said.

In the study, adults aged about 30 who had been adopted as babies by Dutch-speaking families were asked to pronounce Korean consonants after a short training course.

Korean consonants are unlike those spoken in Dutch.

The participants were compared with a group of adults who had not been exposed to the Korean language as children and then rated by native Korean speakers.

Both groups performed to the same level before training, but after training the international adoptees exceeded expectations.

There was no difference between children who were adopted under six months of age – before they could speak – and those who were adopted after 17 months, when they had learned to talk.

This suggests that the language knowledge retained is abstract in nature, rather than dependent on the amount of experience.

Dr. Jiyoun Choi said there were practical messages for parents.

”Please remember that [the] language learning process occurs very early in life, and useful language knowledge is laid down in the very early months of life as our study suggests,” she said.

”Try to talk to your babies as much as possible because they are absorbing and digesting what you are saying.”

The process of acquiring language starts extremely early, even while the child is still in the womb.

Babies have learned their mother’s voice by the time they are born.

It has long been known that the foundations for speaking and listening to a native language are laid down very early in life.

However, it was not known until now that very early language acquisition is an abstract process.

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Beauty and youth have become an important standard in today’s world. Everyone desires to remain young for as long as possible and would try anything to make that happen. But this is not the only aspect people consider when it comes to looking and feeling young. This is strongly related to the health of the entire body.

A vigorous and energic organism helps every aspect of one’s life, having effects on the social, professional and personal life. Even though women experience the aging process more intensely, men are just as affected by this. That is why both categories seek a method to prevent the hormones in their bodies from going haywire. This solution is represented by the HGH injections.

What are the HGH injections?

To understand what these injections are you need to know what HGH stands for. This is a human growth hormone that contains amino acids produced by the pituitary gland (the endocrine system). HGH is meant to contribute to the proper development of the sexual functions, growth, respiration, bone density, energy levels or insulin production. Thus, we desperately need this hormone in our lives.

The bad news is that as we age, the body tends to generate a smaller quantity of this hormone and from there everything goes in different directions. If you want to prevent that you need to supply yourself with HGH. And this is where the HGH injections come in handy.

Image source Flickr

Advantages of HGH injections

More energy – these injections revitalize your body giving it more energy, help fight against anxiety, depression and mood swings.

Muscles – in addition to other great benefits, HGH injections contribute to reducing fats and building muscle without exhausting training. The fat cells are burnt fast and for those people who combine these injections with constant workout, the results are even more spectacular.

Beauty – another great outcome is the effect that this hormone has over the skin and hair. Your skin will become more elastic covering up those nasty wrinkles and your hair will regain its vitality, colour and brightness.

Where to get these injections?

Due to today’s technology you can get HGH injections from a recommended and trustworthy supplier. The products made in Europe and the US are more likely to be quality ones. So make sure you gather as much information as possible before your buy them. Your health and beauty are very important, especially when it comes to putting substances into your body.

Remember to make decisions based on your body’s needs. Visit a doctor and get a prescription for HGH injections. This way you will be able to buy quality products, legally and without any concern. It is better to be safe, than sorry!

Science has evolved massively in the last decades and it will continue to do so. Keep up with the newest changes and let your body feel younger and healthier for a longer period without suffering. You won’t be the only one noticing these differences. You deserve it!

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Starting the New Year with resolutions has in recent times become more of a ritual rather than an intention or call to action like it used to be. This is because, for most people, resolutions do not survive the first month of the year. It is a fact that the beginning of anything would determine how the end will turn out to be. On this note, if you start the year right, you would have a lot less to worry about as the months goes by. Hence, we’ve put together five (5) ways you can start your New Year right.

Image source Pexels

1. Get Rid of anything holding you back: The first thing you need to do is, to begin on a clean slate. You should get rid of anything that is holding you back. I mean negative and unproductive things – things that only wasted your time in the previous year – bad relationships, habits, addictions, and the likes. Some daily routines are also very unproductive so you should work on that too. The New Year is a great time to start afresh so this step is very critical to moving forward.

2. Maintain healthy habits: Once you’ve gotten rid of all the bad omens in your life, the next thing you should do is to begin and maintain healthy habits. For example, you should endeavor to get your full 8 hours sleep at night. You should also be mindful of what you eat. Do not go about eating for the whole town because you would put on some very undesirable weight which is bad for your health and self-esteem too. So for the New Year, you should maintain a healthy diet. Another important aspect of staying healthy is exercise. Get a bike, do a sport, join a dance class, go to the gym or purchase home gym equipment, just ensure that you exercise regularly in this New Year.

3. Start healthy

Staying healthy is one key to a happy life, you cannot go about your plans and goals on a sick bed. Staying healthy does not necessarily mean you changing your entire diet plan. Take up fitness goals, Cut down on your intake of fats, make sure you have enough time to sleep, and be sure to wash your hands thoroughly before eating or touching your face just to keep the germs away and I’d also advice you get a medical check-up to know your health status and how to maintain it .

4. Wear a new look

Aside from wearing a new smile, a new posture, complementing these with a cool dress sense is a slam. Find cool stuffs without the prices making you frown. Be smart by checking stores, Mamma.com/us for instance, that offers coupons and promo codes to help you get more. By using discount ways, shopping for cool wears should not be a burden.

5. Choose a theme or focus word for the year: Finally, you should choose a theme for your New Year and work with it. Let’s say for instance you pick ‘Integrity’ or ‘Strength’ as your focus word for the year, it will help you grow in such areas. You would also learn to apply them in every situation you find yourself and at the end of the year; you would have grown in such areas. It is really great exercise and it has worked for me over the years.

Many people think of starting the year right but that is all it is, a thought. To get results you would have to be deliberate and take practical steps that would make your new year better than the former. It’s your commitment that matters. Start the year right today and have a splendid year ahead.