We are all at risk of falling, but the possibility is heightened for the elderly. Thousands of older people fall every year, and statistics say 1 in 3 people over the age of 65 will fall.
Older adults fear falling, even if they haven’t yet done so. They will avoid activities, such as walking, shopping, and visiting friends. Should this be you, try and overcome the fear. Staying active is one way you can ensure your body remains at optimum health, reducing the chances of falling. In this article, we will help you get some perspective, and consider the causes and preventions of falling.
Causes of falling
The following are some of the causes of falling.
- The effects of aging. Your eyesight and hearing will begin to diminish, and your reflexes won’t be as sharp as they used to be.
2. Certain medical problems can affect your balance. These include thyroid problems, heart disease, and diabetes.
3. Certain medications have side effects, such as dizziness, nausea, and tiredness, all of which can affect your balance.
4. Safety hazards in the home, including loose floorboards, items on the floor, and slippery surfaces.
5. Drop in blood pressure when you stand after sitting for awhile or getting out of a hot bath.
6. Muscle weakness in the legs and feet.
In most cases, falls can be prevented by understanding the causes above. These are some of the steps you need to follow to avoid the risk of falling.
1. Exercise as much as you are able. Regular exercise can strengthen your muscles and make you more stable on your feet.
2. Eat a healthy diet to improve your energy levels and your build your bone mass.
3. Get your eyes and ears tested. Slight changes in your sight and hearing can cause you to fall, so go for regular check-ups.
4. Read the side effects on medication packages and speak to your pharmacist or doctor if they make you dizzy and unwell.
5. Purchase mobility equipment from a specialist source, such as the Select Aged Care Store. Especially when you are walking on uneven ground, a cane or a walking frame can help.
6. Get plenty of sleep. The more tired you are, the more likely you are to have an accident.
7. Take it easy. As you get older your mobility will suffer, so pace yourself when you are on your feet and try not to rush around as if you were 20 years younger.
After a fall
Should you fall, you need to stay as calm as possible. The use of a response system can help if you are unable to get to your feet and you need emergency assistance. Alternatively, have a mobile phone on you at all times to enable you to call for help. Then seek the advice of a doctor. There may have been underlying reasons for the fall, and an X-ray will determine any damage to your bones.
We hope our advice helped, but we aren’t medical professionals. Always get a qualified opinion from a doctor. Take care.