South Korea’s top court has revoked a 1953 law under which cheating spouses could be jailed for up to two years.
South Korea was one of only three Asian countries to criminalize adultery.
About 5,500 people have been convicted in the country since 2008.
Out of the nine-judge panel, seven deemed the law unconstitutional.
Presiding judge Park Han-Chul said public conceptions of individuals’ rights had changed.
In recent years, while hundreds of people have been convicted under the law, very few have actually gone to prison.
“Recently, it was extremely rare for a person to serve a prison term for adultery,” Lim Ji-bong, a law professor at Sogang University in Seoul, told the Associated Press.
“The number of indictments has decreased as charges are frequently dropped.”
The law has previously been reviewed four times by the court and upheld.
The most recent was in 2008, when actress Ok So-ri petitioned the court after being given an eight-month suspended sentence for adultery.
Although she was unsuccessful, it was a narrow loss. Five of the judges deemed the law to be unconstitutional, saying that adultery could be condemned on moral grounds but not as a criminal act. Six judges needed to oppose the law for it to be revoked.
The Constitutional Court said on February 26 that anyone convicted since 2008 could have their case reconsidered.
However, some in South Korea have defended the law, saying its loss would encourage depravity.
Judge Ahn Chang-Ho, who read the dissenting opinion at the constitutional court, said that the statute was a key protector of family morals and warned that its abolition would “spark a surge in debauchery”.