Home Arts & Culture Mehdi Hassan, King of Ghazal, dies at 84 in Karachi

Mehdi Hassan, King of Ghazal, dies at 84 in Karachi


Pakistani singing legend Mehdi Hassan has died of multiple organ failure aged 84.

The singer, hugely popular in India as well, was admitted to the Agha Khan Hospital in the southern port city of Karachi a few days ago.

TV channels broadcast live from the hospital and hundreds of fans gathered there on learning of his death.

Mehdi Hassan’s career spanned 50 years. He came to be known as “king of ghazals”, traditional laments for lost love.

Ghazal, a genre of music specific to South Asia and parts of the Middle East, has been around for more than 400 years.

Mehdi Hassan – whose funeral will be on Friday – also achieved huge commercial success, providing music for many South Asian films.

Legendary Indian singer Lata Mangeshkar once likened his songs to the “voice of god”.

Pakistani singing legend Mehdi Hassan has died of multiple organ failure aged 84

Pakistani singing legend Mehdi Hassan has died of multiple organ failure aged 84

On learning of his death, Pakistani Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani called Mehdi Hassan “an icon who mesmerized music lovers” in Pakistan and the sub-continent for decades, AFP news agency reports.

Mehdi Hassan was born into a family of traditional musicians in 1927 at Luna village in the Indian state of Rajasthan.

His family migrated to Pakistan in 1947 at the time of partition.

He started out as a bicycle and auto mechanic before entering the music industry. His big break came several years later, in 1957, when he got his first opportunity on Radio Pakistan as a classical “thumri” singer.

During the next three decades, he sang hundreds of songs for the Pakistani movies, scoring dozens of hits that were popular in Pakistan and across South Asia.

Subsequently, music circles in Pakistan were to discover his talent for ghazal singing.

Mehdi Hassan told about the history of ghazal singing in his family during a 1989 interview: “We belong to the traditional Kalamt family and mine is the 16th generation which is into ghazal.”

“My ancestors use to regale the Royals of Jaipur, Rajasthan in India. We still have remains of our home around the Amber Fort. And my earlier generations were gifted by the princely state of Jaipur to another royal household called Jhunjhunu in the faraway desert.

“But be it then or now, India or Pakistan, our music is the same, full of devotion.”

Mehdi Hassan became a Pakistani cultural ambassador who visited India.

He cut back on his performances in the late 1980s due to illness, which included a serious lung condition. The severity of his illness forced him to give up all singing by the late-1990s.

In 2010, however, Mehdi Hassan recorded a duet with Lata Mangeshkar, a long-time admirer, for an album called Sarhadein (Borders), which was released in 2011.


Mehdi Hassan recorded his part of the song in Karachi, while Lata Mangeshkar’s part was recorded in Mumbai.

The Press Trust of India said an era of ghazal singing had come to an end with his death.

“The demise of the India-born Pakistani ghazal maestro was a huge loss to the world of music and left a void that can never be filled,” it reported.

A heavy media presence was outside the dead singer’s home, with television channels streaming live commentary.

Police have been deployed in anticipation of a stream of high profile mourners coming to say their last farewells.

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