A new report by the U.S. Census Bureau shows that 40 million foreign-born people were living in the country in 2010 – the highest percentage of the total population since 1920.
Just a decade earlier, only 31 million people, or 11% of the population, residing in the country were born elsewhere.
While foreign-born residents resided in every state, more than half lived in just the “gateway” states: California, New York, Texas and Florida.
The report was based on the 2010 American Community Survey, a poll of 3 million American households.
More than half (53%) of all foreign-born residents were from Latin America and the Caribbean, according to the report.
By comparison, just 28% of the foreign-born population was born in Asia, 12% in Europe, 4% in Africa, 2% in Northern America and less than 1% in Oceania.
Forty-four percent of all foreign-born residents were naturalized citizens.
While foreign-born residents resided in every state, more than half lived in just four states: California (25%), New York (11%), Texas (10%) and Florida (9%).
At least one in four (27%) residents in California was foreign-born.
New York, Texas and California are traditional “gateway” states for immigrants.
West Virginia had the smallest percentage, with just 1% born outside the U.S.
The new report by the census bureau revealed new information about the size of foreign-born households, their median incomes, and whether or not they lived above or below the poverty line.
According to the report, foreign-born people were more likely to be employed than native-born Americans: 68% versus 64%.
However, those people born outside the country were less likely to have health insurance and more likely to live below the poverty line.
Just 66% of the foreign-born population had health insurance, compared with 87% of the native population.
The median household income of foreign born households was $46,224 while native households made $50,541.