Barcelona football player Lionel Messi and his father are being investigated in Spain for allegedly defrauding the state of more than 4 million euros.
The 25-year-old Argentina forward and his father, Jorge Horacio, are suspected of filing fraudulent tax returns for 2007-09, officials say.
The World Player of the Year expressed his surprise, denying the allegation.
Lionel Messi’s Barcelona net salary is said to be some 16 million euros a year, making him one of the world’s highest-paid athletes.
He has also signed a number of multimillion-dollar endorsements with major sponsors around the globe.
On Wednesday, a complaint signed by prosecutor Raquel Amado was filed at the courthouse in Gava – the affluent Barcelona district where Lionel Messi lives.
Judges at the courthouse must accept the complaint before the suspects can be charged, reports say.
Lionel Messi and his father are accused of three crimes of defrauding the state of taxes related to income from the use of his image.
They are suspected of using companies abroad – in Belize and Uruguay – to sell the rights to use the image.
The accusation is that with the help of firms based outside Spain, where he lives and plays club football, Lionel Messi and his father avoided paying more than 4 million euros in tax.
If convicted, Lionel Messi could face up to six years in prison and a large fine, according to Spain’s EFE news agency.
Responding to the allegations, the footballer expressed his surprise, saying he had only learned about the investigation against him through the media.
Lionel Messi wrote on his Facebook page: “We have never committed any infringement. We have always fulfilled all our tax obligations, following the advices of our tax consultants who will take care of clarifying this situation.”
Argentina’s media also appeared puzzled by Wednesday’s development, with the Clarin newspaper describing it as “unexpected news”.
Barcelona FC have not commented on the allegations.
The investigation comes as the Spanish authorities step up their efforts to clamp down on tax fraud, as the government tries to balance its budget during a continuing economic crisis.
Lionel Messi, who comes from a humble background and has overcome a serious health issue, joined Barcelona as a 13-year-old in 2000, and made his first-team debut three years later.
He soon became one of the most influential players at the Catalan team, winning Europe’s most prestigious club competition – the Champions League – three times.
Last year, Lionel Messi scored a record 91 goals for club and country in a calendar year.
Four-time World Player of the Year Lionel Messi is now considered by many experts to be one of football’s best ever players.