Sonar images show full map of Titanic on ocean floor for the first time
The Titanic disaster has been revealed in extraordinary detailed images after researchers have pieced together what is believed to be the first comprehensive map of the entire 3-by-5-mile Titanic debris field.
Researchers hope it will provide new clues about what exactly happened on that fateful night 100 years ago when the superliner hit an iceberg and plunged to the bottom of the North Atlantic, killing more than 1,500 people.
An expedition team used sonar imaging and more than 100,000 photos taken from underwater robots to create the map, which shows where hundreds of objects and pieces of the presumed-unsinkable vessel landed.
Marks on the muddy ocean bottom suggest that the stern rotated like a helicopter blade as the ship sank, rather than plunging straight down.
Explorers of the Titanic – which sank on its maiden voyage from Southampton, England, to New York City – have known for more than 25 years where the bow and stern landed after the vessel struck an iceberg.
But previous maps of the floor around the wreckage were incomplete, said Parks Stephenson, a Titanic historian who consulted on the 2010 expedition. Studying the site with old maps was like trying to navigate a dark room with a weak flashlight.
“With the sonar map, it’s like suddenly the entire room lit up and you can go from room to room with a magnifying glass and document it,” Parks Stephenson said.
“Nothing like this has ever been done for the Titanic site.”
The mapping took place in the summer of 2010 during an expedition to the Titanic led by RMS Titanic Inc., the legal custodian of the wreck, along with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Falmouth, Massachusetts, and the Waitt Institute of La Jolla, California.
They were joined by the cable History channel and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the National Park Service is also involved in the mapping.
Details on the new findings at the bottom of the ocean are not being revealed yet, but the network will air them in a two-hour documentary on April 15, exactly 100 years after the Titanic sank.
The expedition team ran two independently self-controlled robots known as autonomous underwater vehicles along the ocean bottom day and night.
The torpedo-shaped AUV’s surveyed the site with side-scan sonar, moving at a little more than three miles per hour as they traversed back and forth in a grid along the bottom.
The AUV’s also took high-resolution photos – 130,000 of them in all – of a smaller 2-by-3-mile area where most of the debris was concentrated.
The images were stitched together on a computer to provide a detailed photo mosaic of the debris.
The result is a map that looks something like the moon’s surface showing debris scattered across the ocean floor well beyond the large bow and stern sections that rest about half a mile apart.
The map provides a forensic tool with which scientists can examine the wreck site much the way an airplane wreck would be investigated on land.
For instance, the evidence that the stern rotated is based on the marks on the ocean floor to its west and the fact that virtually all the debris is found to the east.
“When you look at the sonar map, you can see exactly what happened,” said Paul-Henry Nargeolet, the expedition’s co-leader with RMS Titanic.
The first mapping of the Titanic wreck site began after it was discovered in 1985, using photos taken with cameras aboard a remotely controlled vehicle that didn’t venture far from the bow and stern.
The mapping over the years has improved as explorers have built upon previous efforts in piecemeal fashion, said Charlie Pellegrino, a Titanic explorer who was not involved in the 2010 expedition.
But this is the first time a map of the entire debris field has looked at every square inch in an orderly approach, he said.
“This is quite a significant map,” Charlie Pellegrino said.
“It’s quite a significant advance in the technology and the way it’s done.”
At Lone Wolf Documentary Group in South Portland, producers are putting the final touches on the History documentary. Rushmore DeNooyer, the co-producer and writer of the show, points out the different items on the map, displayed on a screen.
They include a huge tangle of the remains of a deckhouse; a large chunk of the side of the ship measuring more than 60 feet long and weighing more than 40 tons; pieces of the ship’s bottom; and a hatch cover that blew off of the bow section as it crashed to the bottom.
Other items include five of the ship’s huge boilers, a revolving door and even a lightning rod from a mast.
By examining the debris, investigators can now answer questions like how the ship broke apart, how it went down and whether there was a fatal flaw in the design, he said.
The layout of the wreck site and where the pieces landed provide new clues on exactly what happened. Computer simulations will re-enact the sinking in reverse, bringing the wreckage debris back to the surface and reassembled.
Some of those questions will be answered on the show, said Dirk Hoogstra, a senior vice president at History. He declined to say ahead of the show what new theories are being put forth on the sinking.
“We’ve got this vision of the entire wreck that no one has ever seen before,” Dirk Hoogstra said.
“Because we have, we’re going to be able to reconstruct exactly how the wreck happened. It’s groundbreaking, jaw-dropping stuff.”
Related search articles:
- matt bissonnette navy seal
- Published News Upcoming News Submit a New Story Groups persuasive business letter format
- titanic satellite view
- girl leaked photos
- titanic cruise 2014
- satellite images of titanic
- old women no panties
- leaked snapchat
- paris hilton in india party photo leaked
- kerala girl feet photos facebook
- titanic nipple photo
- titanic map pictures 2012
- upskirt pics of Dallas mavericks Dancer
- zebra print with 399 pixels wide and 150 tall
- lonmin marikana killings images
- tiger lindsey vonn ellen
- large cover photos
- kim johansson
- 2013 current event natural disasters
- Primary school children Vagina image
- what happened to jenni riveras body
- what happen to jenni riveras body
- nasas photo of mermaid
- satlite image of tittanic
- pixel com basketball photos of grundy county of elementary pictures dating back back 9 years
- pictures od daryl from walking dead at least 399 pixels wide and 150 pixels tall
- sattellite images of titanic
- savannah stern breast dr
- satellite view of titanic
- satellite titanic
- saitoti house picture
- Pinterest emily yuen 2013 boyfriend justin
- salah barhoum picture altered
- rose titanic chest
- sarah richardson/braless pictures
- recent news underground preteen parties
- what happened with the dragon rocket ship that went up from Kate Canaveral Florida today
- satelite map of titanic
- preteens wearing panties images
- Powered by Article Dashboard archery stabilizer
- satillite photos or titanic
- scott disick kim hired private ivestigator
- ultrasound prostate
- upskirt gymnast free photos
- victoria belle nipples
- vince carter big bulge
- what happen to conquene mouth
- what happened to farrah kim investigating
- what happenedto kim kardashians face 2013
- whatever happened to paula broadwell?
Short URL: http://www.bellenews.com/?p=15220